Central mechanisms of abnormal sympathoexcitation in chronic heart failure

Takuya Kishi, Yoshitaka Hirooka

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    It has been recognized that the sympathetic nervous system is abnormally activated in chronic heart failure, and leads to further worsening chronic heart failure. In the treatment of chronic heart failure many clinical studies have already suggested that the inhibition of the abnormal sympathetic hyperactivity by beta blockers is beneficial. It has been classically considered that abnormal sympathetic hyperactivity in chronic heart failure is caused by the enhancement of excitatory inputs including changes in peripheral baroreceptor and chemoreceptor reflexes and chemical mediators that control sympathetic outflow. Recently, the abnormalities in the central regulation of sympathetic nerve activity mediated by brain renin angiotensin system-oxidative stress axis and/or proinflammatory cytokines have been focused. Central renin angiotensin system, proinflammatory cytokines, and the interaction between them have been determined as the target of the sympathoinhibitory treatment in experimental animal models with chronic heart failure. In conclusion, we must recognize that chronic heart failure is a syndrome with an abnormal sympathoexcitation, which is caused by the abnormalities in the central regulation of sympathetic nerve activity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number847172
    JournalCardiology Research and Practice
    Volume1
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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