CFD-IBM-DEM simulation for elucidation of PM filtration mechanisms in fluidized bed filter

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Fluidized bed filters exhibit high PM2.5 collection efficiency, as shown in our previous work. In this study, a CFD-IBM-DEM simulation was conducted to elucidate the filtration mechanisms for the further development of these filters. A preliminary numerical simulation of a small fixed-bed filter was performed to determine the appropriate CFD grid size for computational accuracy and cost, and the grid of bed particles/10 was applied for PM filtration simulation of the fluidized bed. Numerical collection efficiency is high value of 92.06%, with bed particles of 420 μm and a superficial velocity of 0.4 m/s. Fluidization becomes violent at 0.6 m/s, which decreases the collection efficiency to 84.12%. However, gentle fluidization is maintained even at 0.6 m/s using bed particles of 600 μm, and the fluidization is the same as that observed using bed particles of 420 μm and 0.4 m/s. These fluidization states exhibit similar collection efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117336
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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