Change in dislocation mobility with ni content in ferritic steels and its effect on brittle-to-ductile transition

Keiki Maeno, Masaki Tanaka, Nobuyuki Yoshimura, Hiroyuki Shirahata, Kohsaku Ushioda, Kenji Higashida

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Abstract

In order to elucidate the mechanism behind the decrease in the brittle-to-ductile transition (BDT) temperature with the addition of Ni, impact tests and tensile tests were performed at various test temperatures from 130K to 320K with Ni added ultra-low carbon steels. The dependence of absorbed impact energy on temperature and the Ni content indicates that the BDT temperature was decreased with the increasing Ni con-tent, which suggests that the dislocation mobility at low temperatures was increased with the Ni content. The yield stress which is also influ-enced by the dislocation mobility was decreased at low temperatures while it was increased at room temperature with the Ni content. The val-ues of the activation volume and the effective stress were measured at several temperatures, and then the dependence of the activation energy for dislocation gliding on Ni content was obtained by extrapolating the relation between temperature and the multiplication of the activation volume and the effective stress to 0K. The activation energy was found to decrease with the increasing Ni content, which suggests that the dis-location mobility was increased with the addition of Ni. Discrete dislocation dynamics simulation was also performed in order to calculate the dependence of fracture toughness on temperature and the Ni content, and it was clarified that the BDT temperature is decreased by increasing dislocation mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
Number of pages8
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume98
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 12 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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