This is a test-report of ghrelin levels in plasma and proventriculus, the glandular portion of the avian stomach, by using a specific radioimmunoassay for acylated ghrelin, as well as the expression of the ghrelin gene in the proventriculus after a 12-h fasting period followed by a 6-h feeding period with 6-day-old layer chicks. After fasting, the plasma ghrelin levels increased from 21.3 ± 4.5 to 32.9 ± 5.0 fmol/ml, but once refed it returned to the control value. After fasting, the ghrelin mRNA and the peptide levels in the proventriculus increased, and ghrelin mRNA levels remained high but once refed the ghrelin content returned to the control level. Furthermore, in order to examine the effect of increased circulating ghrelin on food intake, a bolus intravenous injection of 500 pmol of chicken ghrelin was given to 8-day-old chicks. The ghrelin injection did not cause any significant changes in food intake. These results indicate that the levels of ghrelin and its mRNA with layer chicks are altered according to the feeding state and this in a similar manner as has been observed in mammals. Unlike in mammals, an increase in circulating ghrelin does not cause the promotion of food intake in chicks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Animals
- Animal Science and Zoology