Changes in the geometries of C2H2 and C2H4 on coordination to CuCl revealed by broadband rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations

Susanna L. Stephens, Dror M. Bittner, Victor A. Mikhailov, Wataru Mizukami, David P. Tew, Nicholas R. Walker, Anthony C. Legon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The molecular geometries of isolated complexes in which a single molecule of C2H4 or C2H2 is bound to CuCl have been determined through pure rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. The C2H2⋯CuCl and C2H4⋯CuCl complexes are generated through laser vaporization of a copper rod in the presence of a gas sample undergoing supersonic expansion and containing C2H2 (or C2H4), CCl4, and Ar. Results are presented for five isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl and six isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl. Both of these complexes adopt C2v, T-shaped geometries in which the hydrocarbon binds to the copper atom through its π electrons such that the metal is equidistant from all H atoms. The linear and planar geometries of free C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, are observed to distort significantly on attachment to the CuCl unit, and the various changes are quantified. The ∠ (∗-C-H) parameter in C2H2 (where ∗ indicates the midpoint of the C≡C bond) is measured to be 192.4(7)° in the r0 geometry of the complex representing a significant change from the linear geometry of the free molecule. This distortion of the linear geometry of C2H2 involves the hydrogen atoms moving away from the copper atom within the complex. Ab-initio calculations at the CCSD(T)(F12∗)/AVTZ level predict a dihedral ∠(HCCCu) angle of 96.05°in C2H4⋯CuCl, and the experimental results are consistent with such a distortion from planarity. The bonds connecting the carbon atoms within each of C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, extend by 0.027 and 0.029 Å relative to the bond lengths in the isolated molecules. Force constants, kσ, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, χaa(Cu), [χbb(Cu) - χcc(Cu)], χaa(Cl), and [χbb(Cl) - χcc(Cl)], are independently determined for all isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl studied and for four isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10722-10730
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic chemistry
Volume53
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 6 2014

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Spectroscopy
broadband
Geometry
Atoms
geometry
spectroscopy
Copper
copper
Molecules
atoms
molecules
Bond length
Dihedral angle
Hydrocarbons
Vaporization
attachment
dihedral angle
Hydrogen
hydrogen atoms
rods

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Changes in the geometries of C2H2 and C2H4 on coordination to CuCl revealed by broadband rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. / Stephens, Susanna L.; Bittner, Dror M.; Mikhailov, Victor A.; Mizukami, Wataru; Tew, David P.; Walker, Nicholas R.; Legon, Anthony C.

In: Inorganic chemistry, Vol. 53, No. 19, 06.10.2014, p. 10722-10730.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stephens, Susanna L. ; Bittner, Dror M. ; Mikhailov, Victor A. ; Mizukami, Wataru ; Tew, David P. ; Walker, Nicholas R. ; Legon, Anthony C. / Changes in the geometries of C2H2 and C2H4 on coordination to CuCl revealed by broadband rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. In: Inorganic chemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 53, No. 19. pp. 10722-10730.
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abstract = "The molecular geometries of isolated complexes in which a single molecule of C2H4 or C2H2 is bound to CuCl have been determined through pure rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. The C2H2⋯CuCl and C2H4⋯CuCl complexes are generated through laser vaporization of a copper rod in the presence of a gas sample undergoing supersonic expansion and containing C2H2 (or C2H4), CCl4, and Ar. Results are presented for five isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl and six isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl. Both of these complexes adopt C2v, T-shaped geometries in which the hydrocarbon binds to the copper atom through its π electrons such that the metal is equidistant from all H atoms. The linear and planar geometries of free C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, are observed to distort significantly on attachment to the CuCl unit, and the various changes are quantified. The ∠ (∗-C-H) parameter in C2H2 (where ∗ indicates the midpoint of the C≡C bond) is measured to be 192.4(7)° in the r0 geometry of the complex representing a significant change from the linear geometry of the free molecule. This distortion of the linear geometry of C2H2 involves the hydrogen atoms moving away from the copper atom within the complex. Ab-initio calculations at the CCSD(T)(F12∗)/AVTZ level predict a dihedral ∠(HCCCu) angle of 96.05°in C2H4⋯CuCl, and the experimental results are consistent with such a distortion from planarity. The bonds connecting the carbon atoms within each of C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, extend by 0.027 and 0.029 {\AA} relative to the bond lengths in the isolated molecules. Force constants, kσ, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, χaa(Cu), [χbb(Cu) - χcc(Cu)], χaa(Cl), and [χbb(Cl) - χcc(Cl)], are independently determined for all isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl studied and for four isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl.",
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AU - Stephens, Susanna L.

AU - Bittner, Dror M.

AU - Mikhailov, Victor A.

AU - Mizukami, Wataru

AU - Tew, David P.

AU - Walker, Nicholas R.

AU - Legon, Anthony C.

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N2 - The molecular geometries of isolated complexes in which a single molecule of C2H4 or C2H2 is bound to CuCl have been determined through pure rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. The C2H2⋯CuCl and C2H4⋯CuCl complexes are generated through laser vaporization of a copper rod in the presence of a gas sample undergoing supersonic expansion and containing C2H2 (or C2H4), CCl4, and Ar. Results are presented for five isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl and six isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl. Both of these complexes adopt C2v, T-shaped geometries in which the hydrocarbon binds to the copper atom through its π electrons such that the metal is equidistant from all H atoms. The linear and planar geometries of free C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, are observed to distort significantly on attachment to the CuCl unit, and the various changes are quantified. The ∠ (∗-C-H) parameter in C2H2 (where ∗ indicates the midpoint of the C≡C bond) is measured to be 192.4(7)° in the r0 geometry of the complex representing a significant change from the linear geometry of the free molecule. This distortion of the linear geometry of C2H2 involves the hydrogen atoms moving away from the copper atom within the complex. Ab-initio calculations at the CCSD(T)(F12∗)/AVTZ level predict a dihedral ∠(HCCCu) angle of 96.05°in C2H4⋯CuCl, and the experimental results are consistent with such a distortion from planarity. The bonds connecting the carbon atoms within each of C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, extend by 0.027 and 0.029 Å relative to the bond lengths in the isolated molecules. Force constants, kσ, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, χaa(Cu), [χbb(Cu) - χcc(Cu)], χaa(Cl), and [χbb(Cl) - χcc(Cl)], are independently determined for all isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl studied and for four isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl.

AB - The molecular geometries of isolated complexes in which a single molecule of C2H4 or C2H2 is bound to CuCl have been determined through pure rotational spectroscopy and ab-initio calculations. The C2H2⋯CuCl and C2H4⋯CuCl complexes are generated through laser vaporization of a copper rod in the presence of a gas sample undergoing supersonic expansion and containing C2H2 (or C2H4), CCl4, and Ar. Results are presented for five isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl and six isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl. Both of these complexes adopt C2v, T-shaped geometries in which the hydrocarbon binds to the copper atom through its π electrons such that the metal is equidistant from all H atoms. The linear and planar geometries of free C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, are observed to distort significantly on attachment to the CuCl unit, and the various changes are quantified. The ∠ (∗-C-H) parameter in C2H2 (where ∗ indicates the midpoint of the C≡C bond) is measured to be 192.4(7)° in the r0 geometry of the complex representing a significant change from the linear geometry of the free molecule. This distortion of the linear geometry of C2H2 involves the hydrogen atoms moving away from the copper atom within the complex. Ab-initio calculations at the CCSD(T)(F12∗)/AVTZ level predict a dihedral ∠(HCCCu) angle of 96.05°in C2H4⋯CuCl, and the experimental results are consistent with such a distortion from planarity. The bonds connecting the carbon atoms within each of C2H2 and C2H4, respectively, extend by 0.027 and 0.029 Å relative to the bond lengths in the isolated molecules. Force constants, kσ, and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants, χaa(Cu), [χbb(Cu) - χcc(Cu)], χaa(Cl), and [χbb(Cl) - χcc(Cl)], are independently determined for all isotopologues of C2H2⋯CuCl studied and for four isotopologues of C2H4⋯CuCl.

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