Characteristics of gold mineralization at the Ciurug vein, Pongkor gold-silver deposit, West Java, Indonesia

Syafrizal, Akira Imai, Yoshinobu Motomura, Koichiro Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Pongkor Gold-Silver Mine, Bogor district, West Java, is approximately 80 km southwest of Jakarta. The gold and silver mineralization in the area is present in a deposit consisting of an epithermal vein-system named individually as the Pasir Jawa, Gudang Handak, Ciguha, Pamoyanan, Kubang Cicau, and Ciurug veins. In the area studied, rocks of basaltic-andesitic composition are dominated by volcanic breccia and lapilli tuff, with andesite lava and siltstone present locally. The hydrothermal alteration minerals in the Ciurug are a are typical of those formed from acid to near-neutral pH thermal waters, where the acid alteration is distributed from the surface to shallow depth, while the near-neutral pH alteration becomes dominant at depths. The Ciurug vein shows four main mineralization stages where each discrete stage is characterized by a specific facies; these are, from early to late: carbonate-quartz, manganese carbonate-quartz, banded-massive quartz and gray sulfide-quartz facies. The major metallic minerals are pyrite, sph alerite, chalcopyrite and galena; they occur in almost each mineralization stage. Bornite was observed only in the southern part of the Ciurug vein at a depth of 515 m, and the occurrence of this mineral is reported here for the first time. Electrum and silver sulfides (mostly acanthite) are minor, whereas silver sulfosalts, stromeyerite and mckinstryite, and covellite are in trace amounts. The silver sulfosalts have compositional ranges of pearceite, antimonpearceite and polybasite. Most of the electrum, occurs coexisting with other sulfide minerals, as inclusions in pyrite grains, with very little as inclusions in chalcopyrite or sphalerite. Gold grades within the Ciurug vein vary from 1.2 to hundreds of ppm, where the highest gold grade occurs in the latest mineralization stage in a thin sulfide band in vein quartz. Fluid inclusion microthermometry of c alcite and quartz indicates deposition throughout the mineralized veins in the range from 170 to 230°C and from low salinity fluids (predominantly lower than 0.2 wt% NaCl equiv.). Fluid inclusions occur with features of boiling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-238
Number of pages14
JournalResource Geology
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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