Purpose To investigate the anatomic characteristics of eyes with pathological myopia and peripapillary intrachoroidal cavitation (ICC) located temporal to the optic disc.MethodsA total of 125 with pathologic myopia were scanned with swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT). Temporal ICC was defined as ICC located temporal to the optic disc seen in horizontal OCT section through the optic disc center. Definition of pathologic myopia was refractive error >8.00 diopters (D) or an axial length >26.5 mm.ResultsIn all, 17 eyes of 16 patients had temporal ICC. All of the eyes had temporal or temporally wider annular conus. The ICC was observed temporal to the optic disc in 15 of 17 eyes, and 2 of the remaining eyes also had inferior ICC. Even in the two eyes with both temporal and inferior ICC, the temporal ICC was much wider than the inferior ICC. Inner retinal defect at the border of conus and temporal ICC was detected in two eyes. The temporal ICC was extensive in the posterior fundus with the average width of 1467.8±1328.1 μm (range; 442-6200 μm) in a horizontal section. In two eyes, the temporal ICC extended beyond the central fovea.ConclusionsPeripapillary ICC can develop temporal to the optic disc without involving the area inferior to optic disc in highly myopic eyes. Temporal ICC appeared much wider than inferior ICC, which is usually restricted to the area around the optic disc. The possible reasons why ICC develops in temporal to the optic disc are presented.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems