Characteristics of mutations in the p53 gene of oral squamous-cell carcinomas associated with betel-quid chewing in Sri Lanka

Itsuo Chiba, Malsantha Muthumala, Yutaka Yamazaki, Asad Uz Zaman, Tadashi Iiuka, Akira Amemiya, Toshiyuki Shibata, Haruhiko Kashiwazaki, Chihiro Sugiura, Hiroshi Fukuda

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33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common neoplasm in Sri Lanka, accounting for approximately 30% of all cancers in males. Epidemiologic evidence indicates that there is an unequivocal relationship between betel chewing and oral carcinogenesis, suggesting that there may be specific genetic targets of betel-quid ingredients. The p53 gene has been indicated to be a tumor-suppressor gene that is found in mutated form in common human cancers; however, there are few reports about 'carcinogen- specific' p53 mutation. Because of this background, primary resected specimens from 23 oral SCCs, 7 leukoplakias and 2 oral submucous fibrosis were collected from oral SCC patients in Sri Lanka and were used for p53 mutation analysis. Exons 5 through 8 of the p53 gene were examined by polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) and direct sequencing. Mutations in the p53 gene were frequent (10/23) in oral SCC specimens from Sri Lanka. Moreover, the mutations clustered significantly in exon 5 (7/10) of the p53 gene, and small deletions and inclusions other than point mutations were observed. These results indicate that 1) betel-quid chewing may cause specific genetic changes, including mutation in the p53 gene; 2) mutations in the p53 gene are not rare events in SCC patients who are betel-quid chewers, which contrasts with other reports; 3) exon 5 of the p53 gene could be one of the specific targets for some betel-quid ingredients; and 4) betel-quid chewing may be a critical environmental factor in the development of oral SCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-842
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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