Characteristics of YCoO3-type perovskite oxide and application as an SOFC cathode

Takaaki Sakai, Masako Ogushi, Kohei Hosoi, Atsushi Inoishi, Hidehisa Hagiwara, Shintaro Ida, Masatsugu Oishi, Tatsumi Ishihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

YCoO3is discussed as a novel cathode material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). One of the major issues for SOFC development is the side reactions that occur at the electrode and electrolyte interfaces. Characteristics such as the phase stability, reactivity against YSZ, electrical conductivity, and thermal expansion coefficients (TECs) of YCoO3were investigated. YCoO3was produced by the sol-gel method below 975 °C, and the fewest impurities were observed at a Y molar ratio of 0.96 (YCO-096). YCO-096 did not react significantly with the YSZ electrolyte when fired at 975 °C for 1 h. The main charge carrier of YCO-096 was confirmed to be electron-holes, h+, and the maximum conductivity was estimated to be 700 S cm−1at 900 °C. The TECs of YCO-096 were in the range of 16.5-44.2 × 10−6°C−1from room temperature to 900 °C. The YCO-096 cathode was stable in the YSZ electrolyte SOFC. Oxygen defects formed at the surfaces of particle YCO-096 were considered to significantly improve the cathodic performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3584-3588
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 14 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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