In this paper, we characterize and optimize design of a candidate ultraviolet photodiode based on nitrogen-doped ultrananocrystalline diamond hydrogenated amorphous carbon (UNCD/a-C:H) composite films grown on crystalline-Si substrates by coaxial arc plasma deposition. A comprehensive study including growth, fabrication, characterization, and modeling of the photodetector is presented here. The current-voltage characteristics of the device were reproduced and their critical parameters were extracted from a good matching between experimental and simulation results. A midgap acceptor-like defect state density of ~ 5 × 1017 cm−3 eV−1 was found to be the dominant defect in the UNCD/a-C:H film, in addition to an interface defect density of ~ 3 × 1013 cm−2 eV−1 at the interface of the UNCD/a-C:H film and the Si substrate. Experimental and simulation results showed that introducing an intrinsic UNCD/a-C:H layer in a pin heterostructure would significantly reduce the device leakage current and consequently improve its performance as an ultraviolet photodiode. Unoptimized fabricated devices exhibited a room temperature photoresponsivity of 135 mA/W measured under illumination of ultraviolet monochromatic light with a wavelength of 254 nm. The key parameters for optimized design of the device were extracted and investigated in details.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering