Characterization and thermal stability of cellulose-graft- polyacryloniytrile prepared by using KMnO4/citric acid redox system

A. S. El-Khouly, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Akihiko Takada, A. A. Safaan, E. Kenawy, Y. A. Hafiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An effective condition of graft polymerization of acrylonitrile onto cellulose fiber in large volume of KMnO4/citric acid aqueous solution was examined and the produced grafted copolymers were characterized by using SEM, NMR, FTIR, XRD, TGA, and DSC in comparison with component homopolymers. Graft yield, GY, obtained by simple weighting method was close to the value obtained by NMR analysis. Significant change of chemical structure in cellulose fiber, other than graft reaction, was not detected by NMR and FTIR measurements, whereas a decrease in the degree of crystallinity by the reaction was detected by XRD measurement. It was pointed out that thermograms for grafted samples resembles with that of cellulose at T < 370°C and become similar with that for polyacrylonitrile at T > 370°C and the mass of residue at 550°C is proportional to the content of polyacrylonitrile (GY) only. It is concluded that thermal decomposition of both polymers occurs almost independently in grafted polymers and thermal stability of cellulose fiber is not improved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1788-1795
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume116
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 5 2010

Fingerprint

Citric acid
Grafts
Citric Acid
Cellulose
Thermodynamic stability
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Fibers
Polymers
Acrylonitrile
Polyacrylonitriles
Homopolymerization
Pyrolysis
Copolymers
Polymerization
Scanning electron microscopy
Oxidation-Reduction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Characterization and thermal stability of cellulose-graft- polyacryloniytrile prepared by using KMnO4/citric acid redox system. / El-Khouly, A. S.; Takahashi, Yoshiaki; Takada, Akihiko; Safaan, A. A.; Kenawy, E.; Hafiz, Y. A.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 116, No. 3, 05.05.2010, p. 1788-1795.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Safaan, A. A.

AU - Kenawy, E.

AU - Hafiz, Y. A.

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