Leaf forms are diverse in angiosperms, and different types of cells are differentiated depending on the species. Rice leaves are composed of a leaf blade, a leaf sheath and the junction region between them. Cells with characteristic features, such as bulliform cells and sclerenchyma cells, are differentiated in the leaf blade, together with standard epidermal and mesophyll cells. To understand the genetic mechanism underlying leaf morphogenesis in rice, we focused on a mutant, halfpipe- like leaf1 (hal1), whose leaves are adaxially curled. Histological observation revealed that the bulliform cells, which are responsible for leaf rolling under dry conditions, were small in size and abnormal in shape in a semidominant hal1- d mutant. Bulliform cell files were often ambiguous in semi-transparent hal1-d leaves cleared by the TOMEI method, suggesting that the bulliform cells were undeveloped. Therefore, a reduction in the growth of the bulliform cells seemed to be a major cause of leaf curling in the hal1-d mutant. The hal1-d mutation also affected the size of the leaf blade and the spikelet.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology