Characterization of an AX Compound Derived from Ti 2 SC MAX Phase

Joji Hasegawa, Kei Kawahara, Kazunari Shima, Miki Inada, Naoya Enomoto, Katsuro Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Extraction of M elements from MAX phases results in “AX” compounds in contrast to the well-defined two-dimensional (2D) materials known as MXene, which are prepared by the selective etching of A elements. Despite the extensive studies on MXene from both experimental and computational aspects, the nature of the AX compounds still remains elusive, because the electrochemical etching of M atoms from MAX significantly spoils the crystal structure, predominantly resulting in amorphous AX products. Here, we demonstrate the characterization of an S/C complex prepared by the electrochemical etching of Ti 2 SC. The spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique affords a well-sintered Ti 2 SC disk with high purity, which can be directly utilized as a binder-free Ti 2 SC electrode. It is found that the electrochemically extracted Ti elements in NH 4 F electrolyte are partially crystallized into the monoclinic titanium oxynitride, TiO 0.34 N 0.74 . The formed amorphous S/C compound is classified into three components: acetone-soluble volatiles including elemental sulfur, acetone-insoluble volatiles, and non-volatile species carbonizable into S-doped carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2312-2317
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Volume2019
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 8 2019

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Electrochemical etching
Acetone
Spark plasma sintering
Titanium
Sulfur
Electrolytes
Binders
Etching
Carbon
Crystal structure
Atoms
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Characterization of an AX Compound Derived from Ti 2 SC MAX Phase . / Hasegawa, Joji; Kawahara, Kei; Shima, Kazunari; Inada, Miki; Enomoto, Naoya; Hayashi, Katsuro.

In: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 2019, No. 17, 08.05.2019, p. 2312-2317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shima, Kazunari

AU - Inada, Miki

AU - Enomoto, Naoya

AU - Hayashi, Katsuro

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