Characterization of Cryptopygus antarcticus Endo-β-1,4-Glucanase from Bombyx mori Expression Systems

Sun Mee Hong, Ho Sun Sung, Mee Hye Kang, Choong Gon Kim, Youn Ho Lee, Dae Jung Kim, Jae Man Lee, Takahiro Kusakabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endo-β-1,4-glucanase (CaCel) from Antarctic springtail, Cryptopygus antarcticus, a cellulase with high activity at low temperature, shows potential industrial use. To obtain sufficient active cellulase for characterization, CaCel gene was expressed in Bombyx mori-baculovirus expression systems. Recombinant CaCel (rCaCel) has been expressed in Escherichia coli (Ec-CaCel) at temperatures below 10 °C, but the expression yield was low. Here, rCaCel with a silkworm secretion signal (Bm-CaCel) was successfully expressed and secreted into pupal hemolymph and purified to near 90 % purity by Ni-affinity chromatography. The yield and specific activity of rCaCel purified from B. mori were estimated at 31 mg/l and 43.2 U/mg, respectively, which is significantly higher than the CaCel yield obtained from E. coli (0.46 mg/l and 35.8 U/mg). The optimal pH and temperature for the rCaCels purified from E. coli and B. mori were 3.5 and 50 °C. Both rCaCels were active at a broad range of pH values and temperatures, and retained more than 30 % of their maximal activity at 0 °C. Oligosaccharide structural analysis revealed that Bm-CaCel contains elaborated N- and O-linked glycans, whereas Ec-CaCel contains putative O-linked glycans. Thermostability of Bm-CaCel from B. mori at 60 °C was higher than that from E. coli, probably due to glycosylation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)878-889
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biotechnology
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology

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