Excessive initiation of chromosomal replication occurs in the dnaAcos mutant at 30°C. Whereas purified wild-type DnaA protein binds ATP and ADP tightly, DnaAcos protein is defective for such nucleotide binding. As initiation is a multistep reaction and DnaA protein functions at each step, activities of DnaAcos protein need to be examined precisely. DnaAcos protein specifically bound a DNA fragment containing the chromosomal replication origin with an affinity similar to that seen with the wild-type protein. In a system reconstituted with purified proteins at 30°C, the mutant protein initiated replication of single-stranded DNA that contains a DnaA-binding hairpin structure. Thus, DnaAcos protein basically sustains affinity to a DnaA-binding sequence and functions in the loading of DnaB helicase onto single-stranded DNA. Thermal stabilities of wild-type DnaA and DnaAcos activities were comparable. Unlike wild-type DnaA protein, DnaAcos protein was inactive for minichromosomal replication in systems reconstituted with purified proteins in which the ATP-bound form of DnaA protein is required for initiation. Taken together, the data indicate that the prominent defect in DnaAcos protein appears to be the inability to bind nucleotide.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology