Characterization of sulfated zirconia prepared using reference catalysts and application to several model reactions

Hiromi Matsuhashi, Hideo Nakamura, Tatsumi Ishihara, Shinji Iwamoto, Yuichi Kamiya, Junya Kobayashi, Yoshihiro Kubota, Takashi Yamada, Takeshi Matsuda, Koichi Matsushita, Kazuyuki Nakai, Hiroyasu Nishiguchi, Masaru Ogura, Noriyasu Okazaki, Satoshi Sato, Ken ichi Shimizu, Tetsuya Shishido, Seiji Yamazoe, Tatsuya Takeguchi, Keiichi TomishigeHiromi Yamashita, Miki Niwa, Naonobu Katada

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sulfated zirconia project was carried out in order to obtain a broad understanding of the preparation, characterization, and application of the solid superacids of sulfated zirconia. The sulfated zirconia catalysts were prepared by the equilibrium adsorption method and the ammonium sulfate kneading method using the reference catalysts JRC-ZRO-2, -3, -4, and -5, supplied by the Reference Catalyst Division of the Catalysis Society of Japan. The catalysts were characterized by elemental analysis, NH3-TPD, XRD, TG-DTA, CO2-TPD, Raman spectroscopy, and measurements of the surface area, pore size distribution, coverage (by the BAT method), and heat of Ar adsorption. In order to compare the catalytic activities, we used the prepared catalysts in the isomerizations of butane and n-heptane, hydroisomerization of heptane, aldol condensation, acylation, esterification, and cracking of cumene. The sulfated zirconia prepared using JRC-ZRO-2 by the equilibrium adsorption method showed the highest activity and larger surface area. On the other hand, the kneading method provided catalysts with high reproducibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume360
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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    Matsuhashi, H., Nakamura, H., Ishihara, T., Iwamoto, S., Kamiya, Y., Kobayashi, J., Kubota, Y., Yamada, T., Matsuda, T., Matsushita, K., Nakai, K., Nishiguchi, H., Ogura, M., Okazaki, N., Sato, S., Shimizu, K. I., Shishido, T., Yamazoe, S., Takeguchi, T., ... Katada, N. (2009). Characterization of sulfated zirconia prepared using reference catalysts and application to several model reactions. Applied Catalysis A: General, 360(1), 89-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2009.03.012