The electronic spectrum of the benzene-naphthalene hetero-dimer cation is measured in the 400-1200 nm region by photodissociation spectroscopy. The most intense band at 580 nm is assigned to a local excitation (LE) band of the naphthalene cation chromophore. In addition to this band, an LE band of the benzene cation chromophore of the hetero-dimer is observed at nearly the same position (430 nm) as that of the benzene homo-dimer cation. The observation indicates that the positive charge stays on the benzene molecule in some probability, although the ionization potential of benzene is by 1.10 eV higher than that of naphthalene. The spectrum of the hetero-dimer cation also shows an intermolecular charge transfer (CT) band around 920 nm. On the basis of the position of the CT band as well as the intensity of the LE band relative to that of the homo-dimer, the probability of finding the charge on the benzene molecule is analyzed to be approximately 9%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry