Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks

G. Abbiendi, C. Ainsley, P. F. Åkesson, G. Alexander, J. Allison, G. Anagnostou, K. J. Anderson, S. Arcelli, S. Asai, D. Axen, G. Azuelos, I. Bailey, A. H. Ball, E. Barberio, R. J. Barlow, T. Behnke, K. W. Bell, G. Bella, A. Bellerive, G. Benelli & 276 others S. Bentvelsen, S. Bethke, O. Biebel, I. J. Bloodworth, O. Boeriu, P. Bock, J. Böhme, D. Bonacorsi, M. Boutemeur, S. Braibant, P. Bright-Thomas, L. Brigliadori, R. M. Brown, H. J. Burckhart, J. Cammin, P. Capiluppi, R. K. Carnegie, B. Caron, A. A. Carter, J. R. Carter, C. Y. Chang, D. G. Charlton, P. E.L. Clarke, E. Clay, I. Cohen, O. C. Cooke, J. Couchman, R. L. Coxe, A. Csilling, M. Cuffiani, S. Dado, G. M. Dallavalle, S. Dallison, A. de Roeck, E. A. de Wolf, P. Dervan, K. Desch, B. Dienes, M. S. Dixit, M. Donkers, J. Dubbert, E. Duchovni, G. Duckeck, I. P. Duerdoth, P. G. Estabrooks, E. Etzion, F. Fabbri, M. Fanti, L. Feld, P. Ferrari, F. Fiedler, I. Fleck, M. Ford, A. Frey, A. Fürtjes, D. I. Futyan, P. Gagnon, J. W. Gary, G. Gaycken, C. Geich-Gimbel, G. Giacomelli, P. Giacomelli, D. Glenzinski, J. Goldberg, C. Grandi, K. Graham, E. Gross, J. Grunhaus, M. Gruwé, P. O. Günther, C. Hajdu, G. G. Hanson, K. Harder, A. Harel, M. Harin-Dirac, M. Hauschild, C. M. Hawkes, R. Hawkings, R. J. Hemingway, C. Hensel, G. Herten, R. D. Heuer, J. C. Hill, A. Hocker, K. Hoffman, R. J. Homer, A. K. Honma, D. Horváth, K. R. Hossain, R. Howard, P. Hüntemeyer, P. Igo-Kemenes, K. Ishii, F. R. Jacob, A. Jawahery, H. Jeremie, C. R. Jones, P. Jovanovic, T. R. Junk, N. Kanaya, J. Kanzaki, G. Karapetian, D. Karlen, V. Kartvelishvili, Kiyotomo Kawagoe, T. Kawamoto, R. K. Keeler, R. G. Kellogg, B. W. Kennedy, D. H. Kim, K. Klein, A. Klier, S. Kluth, T. Kobayashi, M. Kobel, T. P. Kokott, S. Komamiya, R. V. Kowalewski, T. Kress, P. Krieger, J. von Krogh, D. Krop, T. Kuhl, M. Kupper, P. Kyberd, G. D. Lafferty, H. Landsman, D. Lanske, I. Lawson, J. G. Layter, A. Leins, D. Lellouch, J. Letts, L. Levinson, R. Liebisch, J. Lillich, C. Littlewood, A. W. Lloyd, S. L. Lloyd, F. K. Loebinger, G. D. Long, M. J. Losty, J. Lu, J. Ludwig, A. Macchiolo, A. Macpherson, W. Mader, S. Marcellini, T. E. Marchant, A. J. Martin, J. P. Martin, G. Martinez, T. Mashimo, P. Mättig, W. J. McDonald, J. McKenna, T. J. McMahon, R. A. McPherson, F. Meijers, P. Mendez-Lorenzo, W. Menges, F. S. Merritt, H. Mes, A. Michelini, S. Mihara, G. Mikenberg, D. J. Miller, W. Mohr, A. Montanari, T. Mori, K. Nagai, I. Nakamura, H. A. Neal, R. Nisius, S. W. O'Neale, F. G. Oakham, F. Odorici, A. Oh, A. Okpara, M. J. Oreglia, S. Orito, G. Pásztor, J. R. Pater, G. N. Patrick, P. Pfeifenschneider, J. E. Pilcher, J. Pinfold, D. E. Plane, B. Poli, J. Polok, O. Pooth, M. Przybycień, A. Quadt, K. Rabbertz, C. Rembser, P. Renkel, H. Rick, N. Rodning, J. M. Roney, S. Rosati, K. Roscoe, A. M. Rossi, Y. Rozen, K. Runge, O. Runolfsson, D. R. Rust, K. Sachs, T. Saeki, O. Sahr, E. K.G. Sarkisyan, C. Sbarra, A. D. Schaile, O. Schaile, P. Scharff-Hansen, M. Schröder, M. Schumacher, C. Schwick, W. G. Scott, R. Seuster, T. G. Shears, B. C. Shen, C. H. Shepherd-Themistocleous, P. Sherwood, G. P. Siroli, A. Skuja, A. M. Smith, G. A. Snow, R. Sobie, S. Söldner-Rembold, S. Spagnolo, M. Sproston, A. Stahl, K. Stephens, K. Stoll, D. Strom, R. Ströhmer, L. Stumpf, B. Surrow, S. D. Talbot, S. Tarem, R. J. Taylor, R. Teuscher, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, M. Tönnesmann, E. Torrence, S. Towers, D. Toya, T. Trefzger, I. Trigger, Z. Trócsányi, E. Tsur, M. F. Turner-Watson, I. Ueda, B. Vachon, P. Vannerem, M. Verzocchi, H. Voss, J. Vossebeld, D. Waller, C. P. Ward, D. R. Ward, P. M. Watkins, A. T. Watson, N. K. Watson, P. S. Wells, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, D. Wetterling, J. S. White, G. W. Wilson, J. A. Wilson, T. R. Wyatt, S. Yamashita, V. Zacek, D. Zer-Zion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

About 4.4 million hadronic decays of Z bosons, recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of around √s = 91.2 GeV, are used to determine the mean charged particle multiplicities for the three light quark flavours. Events from primary u, d, and s quarks are tagged by selecting characteristic particles which carry a large fraction of the beam energy. The charged particle multiplicities are measured in the hemispheres opposite to these particles. An unfolding procedure is applied to obtain these multiplicities for each primary light quark flavour. This yields 〈nu〉 = 17.77 ± 0.51 +0.86-1.20, 〈nd〉 = 21.44 ± 0.63 +1.46-1.17, 〈ns〉 = 20.02 ± 0.13 +0.39-0.37, where statistical arid systematic errors are given. The results for 〈nu〉 and 〈nd〉 are almost fully statistically anti-correlated. Within the errors the result is consistent with the flavour independence of the strong interaction for the particle multiplicities in events from the light up, down, and strange quarks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-268
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Physical Journal C
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2001

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Flavors
quarks
Charged particles
decay
Bosons
charged particles
Systematic errors
hemispheres
systematic errors
Detectors
center of mass
bosons
energy
detectors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Abbiendi, G., Ainsley, C., Åkesson, P. F., Alexander, G., Allison, J., Anagnostou, G., ... Zer-Zion, D. (2001). Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks. European Physical Journal C, 19(2), 257-268.

Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks. / Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Åkesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Ball, A. H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, R. J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, K. W.; Bella, G.; Bellerive, A.; Benelli, G.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Biebel, O.; Bloodworth, I. J.; Boeriu, O.; Bock, P.; Böhme, J.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Bright-Thomas, P.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, R. M.; Burckhart, H. J.; Cammin, J.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R. K.; Caron, B.; Carter, A. A.; Carter, J. R.; Chang, C. Y.; Charlton, D. G.; Clarke, P. E.L.; Clay, E.; Cohen, I.; Cooke, O. C.; Couchman, J.; Coxe, R. L.; Csilling, A.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallavalle, G. M.; Dallison, S.; de Roeck, A.; de Wolf, E. A.; Dervan, P.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M. S.; Donkers, M.; Dubbert, J.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I. P.; Estabrooks, P. G.; Etzion, E.; Fabbri, F.; Fanti, M.; Feld, L.; Ferrari, P.; Fiedler, F.; Fleck, I.; Ford, M.; Frey, A.; Fürtjes, A.; Futyan, D. I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J. W.; Gaycken, G.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Grandi, C.; Graham, K.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwé, M.; Günther, P. O.; Hajdu, C.; Hanson, G. G.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Harin-Dirac, M.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C. M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R. J.; Hensel, C.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R. D.; Hill, J. C.; Hocker, A.; Hoffman, K.; Homer, R. J.; Honma, A. K.; Horváth, D.; Hossain, K. R.; Howard, R.; Hüntemeyer, P.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Ishii, K.; Jacob, F. R.; Jawahery, A.; Jeremie, H.; Jones, C. R.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T. R.; Kanaya, N.; Kanzaki, J.; Karapetian, G.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo; Kawamoto, T.; Keeler, R. K.; Kellogg, R. G.; Kennedy, B. W.; Kim, D. H.; Klein, K.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Kokott, T. P.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, R. V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Krop, D.; Kuhl, T.; Kupper, M.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G. D.; Landsman, H.; Lanske, D.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J. G.; Leins, A.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; Liebisch, R.; Lillich, J.; Littlewood, C.; Lloyd, A. W.; Lloyd, S. L.; Loebinger, F. K.; Long, G. D.; Losty, M. J.; Lu, J.; Ludwig, J.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mader, W.; Marcellini, S.; Marchant, T. E.; Martin, A. J.; Martin, J. P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mättig, P.; McDonald, W. J.; McKenna, J.; McMahon, T. J.; McPherson, R. A.; Meijers, F.; Mendez-Lorenzo, P.; Menges, W.; Merritt, F. S.; Mes, H.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D. J.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H. A.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S. W.; Oakham, F. G.; Odorici, F.; Oh, A.; Okpara, A.; Oreglia, M. J.; Orito, S.; Pásztor, G.; Pater, J. R.; Patrick, G. N.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J. E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, D. E.; Poli, B.; Polok, J.; Pooth, O.; Przybycień, M.; Quadt, A.; Rabbertz, K.; Rembser, C.; Renkel, P.; Rick, H.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J. M.; Rosati, S.; Roscoe, K.; Rossi, A. M.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Rust, D. R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sarkisyan, E. K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A. D.; Schaile, O.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schröder, M.; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W. G.; Seuster, R.; Shears, T. G.; Shen, B. C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G. P.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A. M.; Snow, G. A.; Sobie, R.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Spagnolo, S.; Sproston, M.; Stahl, A.; Stephens, K.; Stoll, K.; Strom, D.; Ströhmer, R.; Stumpf, L.; Surrow, B.; Talbot, S. D.; Tarem, S.; Taylor, R. J.; Teuscher, R.; Thomas, J.; Thomson, M. A.; Tönnesmann, M.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Toya, D.; Trefzger, T.; Trigger, I.; Trócsányi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turner-Watson, M. F.; Ueda, I.; Vachon, B.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Voss, H.; Vossebeld, J.; Waller, D.; Ward, C. P.; Ward, D. R.; Watkins, P. M.; Watson, A. T.; Watson, N. K.; Wells, P. S.; Wengler, T.; Wermes, N.; Wetterling, D.; White, J. S.; Wilson, G. W.; Wilson, J. A.; Wyatt, T. R.; Yamashita, S.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

In: European Physical Journal C, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.2001, p. 257-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abbiendi, G, Ainsley, C, Åkesson, PF, Alexander, G, Allison, J, Anagnostou, G, Anderson, KJ, Arcelli, S, Asai, S, Axen, D, Azuelos, G, Bailey, I, Ball, AH, Barberio, E, Barlow, RJ, Behnke, T, Bell, KW, Bella, G, Bellerive, A, Benelli, G, Bentvelsen, S, Bethke, S, Biebel, O, Bloodworth, IJ, Boeriu, O, Bock, P, Böhme, J, Bonacorsi, D, Boutemeur, M, Braibant, S, Bright-Thomas, P, Brigliadori, L, Brown, RM, Burckhart, HJ, Cammin, J, Capiluppi, P, Carnegie, RK, Caron, B, Carter, AA, Carter, JR, Chang, CY, Charlton, DG, Clarke, PEL, Clay, E, Cohen, I, Cooke, OC, Couchman, J, Coxe, RL, Csilling, A, Cuffiani, M, Dado, S, Dallavalle, GM, Dallison, S, de Roeck, A, de Wolf, EA, Dervan, P, Desch, K, Dienes, B, Dixit, MS, Donkers, M, Dubbert, J, Duchovni, E, Duckeck, G, Duerdoth, IP, Estabrooks, PG, Etzion, E, Fabbri, F, Fanti, M, Feld, L, Ferrari, P, Fiedler, F, Fleck, I, Ford, M, Frey, A, Fürtjes, A, Futyan, DI, Gagnon, P, Gary, JW, Gaycken, G, Geich-Gimbel, C, Giacomelli, G, Giacomelli, P, Glenzinski, D, Goldberg, J, Grandi, C, Graham, K, Gross, E, Grunhaus, J, Gruwé, M, Günther, PO, Hajdu, C, Hanson, GG, Harder, K, Harel, A, Harin-Dirac, M, Hauschild, M, Hawkes, CM, Hawkings, R, Hemingway, RJ, Hensel, C, Herten, G, Heuer, RD, Hill, JC, Hocker, A, Hoffman, K, Homer, RJ, Honma, AK, Horváth, D, Hossain, KR, Howard, R, Hüntemeyer, P, Igo-Kemenes, P, Ishii, K, Jacob, FR, Jawahery, A, Jeremie, H, Jones, CR, Jovanovic, P, Junk, TR, Kanaya, N, Kanzaki, J, Karapetian, G, Karlen, D, Kartvelishvili, V, Kawagoe, K, Kawamoto, T, Keeler, RK, Kellogg, RG, Kennedy, BW, Kim, DH, Klein, K, Klier, A, Kluth, S, Kobayashi, T, Kobel, M, Kokott, TP, Komamiya, S, Kowalewski, RV, Kress, T, Krieger, P, von Krogh, J, Krop, D, Kuhl, T, Kupper, M, Kyberd, P, Lafferty, GD, Landsman, H, Lanske, D, Lawson, I, Layter, JG, Leins, A, Lellouch, D, Letts, J, Levinson, L, Liebisch, R, Lillich, J, Littlewood, C, Lloyd, AW, Lloyd, SL, Loebinger, FK, Long, GD, Losty, MJ, Lu, J, Ludwig, J, Macchiolo, A, Macpherson, A, Mader, W, Marcellini, S, Marchant, TE, Martin, AJ, Martin, JP, Martinez, G, Mashimo, T, Mättig, P, McDonald, WJ, McKenna, J, McMahon, TJ, McPherson, RA, Meijers, F, Mendez-Lorenzo, P, Menges, W, Merritt, FS, Mes, H, Michelini, A, Mihara, S, Mikenberg, G, Miller, DJ, Mohr, W, Montanari, A, Mori, T, Nagai, K, Nakamura, I, Neal, HA, Nisius, R, O'Neale, SW, Oakham, FG, Odorici, F, Oh, A, Okpara, A, Oreglia, MJ, Orito, S, Pásztor, G, Pater, JR, Patrick, GN, Pfeifenschneider, P, Pilcher, JE, Pinfold, J, Plane, DE, Poli, B, Polok, J, Pooth, O, Przybycień, M, Quadt, A, Rabbertz, K, Rembser, C, Renkel, P, Rick, H, Rodning, N, Roney, JM, Rosati, S, Roscoe, K, Rossi, AM, Rozen, Y, Runge, K, Runolfsson, O, Rust, DR, Sachs, K, Saeki, T, Sahr, O, Sarkisyan, EKG, Sbarra, C, Schaile, AD, Schaile, O, Scharff-Hansen, P, Schröder, M, Schumacher, M, Schwick, C, Scott, WG, Seuster, R, Shears, TG, Shen, BC, Shepherd-Themistocleous, CH, Sherwood, P, Siroli, GP, Skuja, A, Smith, AM, Snow, GA, Sobie, R, Söldner-Rembold, S, Spagnolo, S, Sproston, M, Stahl, A, Stephens, K, Stoll, K, Strom, D, Ströhmer, R, Stumpf, L, Surrow, B, Talbot, SD, Tarem, S, Taylor, RJ, Teuscher, R, Thomas, J, Thomson, MA, Tönnesmann, M, Torrence, E, Towers, S, Toya, D, Trefzger, T, Trigger, I, Trócsányi, Z, Tsur, E, Turner-Watson, MF, Ueda, I, Vachon, B, Vannerem, P, Verzocchi, M, Voss, H, Vossebeld, J, Waller, D, Ward, CP, Ward, DR, Watkins, PM, Watson, AT, Watson, NK, Wells, PS, Wengler, T, Wermes, N, Wetterling, D, White, JS, Wilson, GW, Wilson, JA, Wyatt, TR, Yamashita, S, Zacek, V & Zer-Zion, D 2001, 'Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks', European Physical Journal C, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 257-268.
Abbiendi G, Ainsley C, Åkesson PF, Alexander G, Allison J, Anagnostou G et al. Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks. European Physical Journal C. 2001 Jan 1;19(2):257-268.
Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Åkesson, P. F. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; Anagnostou, G. ; Anderson, K. J. ; Arcelli, S. ; Asai, S. ; Axen, D. ; Azuelos, G. ; Bailey, I. ; Ball, A. H. ; Barberio, E. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Behnke, T. ; Bell, K. W. ; Bella, G. ; Bellerive, A. ; Benelli, G. ; Bentvelsen, S. ; Bethke, S. ; Biebel, O. ; Bloodworth, I. J. ; Boeriu, O. ; Bock, P. ; Böhme, J. ; Bonacorsi, D. ; Boutemeur, M. ; Braibant, S. ; Bright-Thomas, P. ; Brigliadori, L. ; Brown, R. M. ; Burckhart, H. J. ; Cammin, J. ; Capiluppi, P. ; Carnegie, R. K. ; Caron, B. ; Carter, A. A. ; Carter, J. R. ; Chang, C. Y. ; Charlton, D. G. ; Clarke, P. E.L. ; Clay, E. ; Cohen, I. ; Cooke, O. C. ; Couchman, J. ; Coxe, R. L. ; Csilling, A. ; Cuffiani, M. ; Dado, S. ; Dallavalle, G. M. ; Dallison, S. ; de Roeck, A. ; de Wolf, E. A. ; Dervan, P. ; Desch, K. ; Dienes, B. ; Dixit, M. S. ; Donkers, M. ; Dubbert, J. ; Duchovni, E. ; Duckeck, G. ; Duerdoth, I. P. ; Estabrooks, P. G. ; Etzion, E. ; Fabbri, F. ; Fanti, M. ; Feld, L. ; Ferrari, P. ; Fiedler, F. ; Fleck, I. ; Ford, M. ; Frey, A. ; Fürtjes, A. ; Futyan, D. I. ; Gagnon, P. ; Gary, J. W. ; Gaycken, G. ; Geich-Gimbel, C. ; Giacomelli, G. ; Giacomelli, P. ; Glenzinski, D. ; Goldberg, J. ; Grandi, C. ; Graham, K. ; Gross, E. ; Grunhaus, J. ; Gruwé, M. ; Günther, P. O. ; Hajdu, C. ; Hanson, G. G. ; Harder, K. ; Harel, A. ; Harin-Dirac, M. ; Hauschild, M. ; Hawkes, C. M. ; Hawkings, R. ; Hemingway, R. J. ; Hensel, C. ; Herten, G. ; Heuer, R. D. ; Hill, J. C. ; Hocker, A. ; Hoffman, K. ; Homer, R. J. ; Honma, A. K. ; Horváth, D. ; Hossain, K. R. ; Howard, R. ; Hüntemeyer, P. ; Igo-Kemenes, P. ; Ishii, K. ; Jacob, F. R. ; Jawahery, A. ; Jeremie, H. ; Jones, C. R. ; Jovanovic, P. ; Junk, T. R. ; Kanaya, N. ; Kanzaki, J. ; Karapetian, G. ; Karlen, D. ; Kartvelishvili, V. ; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo ; Kawamoto, T. ; Keeler, R. K. ; Kellogg, R. G. ; Kennedy, B. W. ; Kim, D. H. ; Klein, K. ; Klier, A. ; Kluth, S. ; Kobayashi, T. ; Kobel, M. ; Kokott, T. P. ; Komamiya, S. ; Kowalewski, R. V. ; Kress, T. ; Krieger, P. ; von Krogh, J. ; Krop, D. ; Kuhl, T. ; Kupper, M. ; Kyberd, P. ; Lafferty, G. D. ; Landsman, H. ; Lanske, D. ; Lawson, I. ; Layter, J. G. ; Leins, A. ; Lellouch, D. ; Letts, J. ; Levinson, L. ; Liebisch, R. ; Lillich, J. ; Littlewood, C. ; Lloyd, A. W. ; Lloyd, S. L. ; Loebinger, F. K. ; Long, G. D. ; Losty, M. J. ; Lu, J. ; Ludwig, J. ; Macchiolo, A. ; Macpherson, A. ; Mader, W. ; Marcellini, S. ; Marchant, T. E. ; Martin, A. J. ; Martin, J. P. ; Martinez, G. ; Mashimo, T. ; Mättig, P. ; McDonald, W. J. ; McKenna, J. ; McMahon, T. J. ; McPherson, R. A. ; Meijers, F. ; Mendez-Lorenzo, P. ; Menges, W. ; Merritt, F. S. ; Mes, H. ; Michelini, A. ; Mihara, S. ; Mikenberg, G. ; Miller, D. J. ; Mohr, W. ; Montanari, A. ; Mori, T. ; Nagai, K. ; Nakamura, I. ; Neal, H. A. ; Nisius, R. ; O'Neale, S. W. ; Oakham, F. G. ; Odorici, F. ; Oh, A. ; Okpara, A. ; Oreglia, M. J. ; Orito, S. ; Pásztor, G. ; Pater, J. R. ; Patrick, G. N. ; Pfeifenschneider, P. ; Pilcher, J. E. ; Pinfold, J. ; Plane, D. E. ; Poli, B. ; Polok, J. ; Pooth, O. ; Przybycień, M. ; Quadt, A. ; Rabbertz, K. ; Rembser, C. ; Renkel, P. ; Rick, H. ; Rodning, N. ; Roney, J. M. ; Rosati, S. ; Roscoe, K. ; Rossi, A. M. ; Rozen, Y. ; Runge, K. ; Runolfsson, O. ; Rust, D. R. ; Sachs, K. ; Saeki, T. ; Sahr, O. ; Sarkisyan, E. K.G. ; Sbarra, C. ; Schaile, A. D. ; Schaile, O. ; Scharff-Hansen, P. ; Schröder, M. ; Schumacher, M. ; Schwick, C. ; Scott, W. G. ; Seuster, R. ; Shears, T. G. ; Shen, B. C. ; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H. ; Sherwood, P. ; Siroli, G. P. ; Skuja, A. ; Smith, A. M. ; Snow, G. A. ; Sobie, R. ; Söldner-Rembold, S. ; Spagnolo, S. ; Sproston, M. ; Stahl, A. ; Stephens, K. ; Stoll, K. ; Strom, D. ; Ströhmer, R. ; Stumpf, L. ; Surrow, B. ; Talbot, S. D. ; Tarem, S. ; Taylor, R. J. ; Teuscher, R. ; Thomas, J. ; Thomson, M. A. ; Tönnesmann, M. ; Torrence, E. ; Towers, S. ; Toya, D. ; Trefzger, T. ; Trigger, I. ; Trócsányi, Z. ; Tsur, E. ; Turner-Watson, M. F. ; Ueda, I. ; Vachon, B. ; Vannerem, P. ; Verzocchi, M. ; Voss, H. ; Vossebeld, J. ; Waller, D. ; Ward, C. P. ; Ward, D. R. ; Watkins, P. M. ; Watson, A. T. ; Watson, N. K. ; Wells, P. S. ; Wengler, T. ; Wermes, N. ; Wetterling, D. ; White, J. S. ; Wilson, G. W. ; Wilson, J. A. ; Wyatt, T. R. ; Yamashita, S. ; Zacek, V. ; Zer-Zion, D. / Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks. In: European Physical Journal C. 2001 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 257-268.
@article{9aa05c2861e947118fa4811dac1d414d,
title = "Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks",
abstract = "About 4.4 million hadronic decays of Z bosons, recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of around √s = 91.2 GeV, are used to determine the mean charged particle multiplicities for the three light quark flavours. Events from primary u, d, and s quarks are tagged by selecting characteristic particles which carry a large fraction of the beam energy. The charged particle multiplicities are measured in the hemispheres opposite to these particles. An unfolding procedure is applied to obtain these multiplicities for each primary light quark flavour. This yields 〈nu〉 = 17.77 ± 0.51 +0.86-1.20, 〈nd〉 = 21.44 ± 0.63 +1.46-1.17, 〈ns〉 = 20.02 ± 0.13 +0.39-0.37, where statistical arid systematic errors are given. The results for 〈nu〉 and 〈nd〉 are almost fully statistically anti-correlated. Within the errors the result is consistent with the flavour independence of the strong interaction for the particle multiplicities in events from the light up, down, and strange quarks.",
author = "G. Abbiendi and C. Ainsley and {\AA}kesson, {P. F.} and G. Alexander and J. Allison and G. Anagnostou and Anderson, {K. J.} and S. Arcelli and S. Asai and D. Axen and G. Azuelos and I. Bailey and Ball, {A. H.} and E. Barberio and Barlow, {R. J.} and T. Behnke and Bell, {K. W.} and G. Bella and A. Bellerive and G. Benelli and S. Bentvelsen and S. Bethke and O. Biebel and Bloodworth, {I. J.} and O. Boeriu and P. Bock and J. B{\"o}hme and D. Bonacorsi and M. Boutemeur and S. Braibant and P. Bright-Thomas and L. Brigliadori and Brown, {R. M.} and Burckhart, {H. J.} and J. Cammin and P. Capiluppi and Carnegie, {R. K.} and B. Caron and Carter, {A. A.} and Carter, {J. R.} and Chang, {C. Y.} and Charlton, {D. G.} and Clarke, {P. E.L.} and E. Clay and I. Cohen and Cooke, {O. C.} and J. Couchman and Coxe, {R. L.} and A. Csilling and M. Cuffiani and S. Dado and Dallavalle, {G. M.} and S. Dallison and {de Roeck}, A. and {de Wolf}, {E. A.} and P. Dervan and K. Desch and B. Dienes and Dixit, {M. S.} and M. Donkers and J. Dubbert and E. Duchovni and G. Duckeck and Duerdoth, {I. P.} and Estabrooks, {P. G.} and E. Etzion and F. Fabbri and M. Fanti and L. Feld and P. Ferrari and F. Fiedler and I. Fleck and M. Ford and A. Frey and A. F{\"u}rtjes and Futyan, {D. I.} and P. Gagnon and Gary, {J. W.} and G. Gaycken and C. Geich-Gimbel and G. Giacomelli and P. Giacomelli and D. Glenzinski and J. Goldberg and C. Grandi and K. Graham and E. Gross and J. Grunhaus and M. Gruw{\'e} and G{\"u}nther, {P. O.} and C. Hajdu and Hanson, {G. G.} and K. Harder and A. Harel and M. Harin-Dirac and M. Hauschild and Hawkes, {C. M.} and R. Hawkings and Hemingway, {R. J.} and C. Hensel and G. Herten and Heuer, {R. D.} and Hill, {J. C.} and A. Hocker and K. Hoffman and Homer, {R. J.} and Honma, {A. K.} and D. Horv{\'a}th and Hossain, {K. R.} and R. Howard and P. H{\"u}ntemeyer and P. Igo-Kemenes and K. Ishii and Jacob, {F. R.} and A. Jawahery and H. Jeremie and Jones, {C. R.} and P. Jovanovic and Junk, {T. R.} and N. Kanaya and J. Kanzaki and G. Karapetian and D. Karlen and V. Kartvelishvili and Kiyotomo Kawagoe and T. Kawamoto and Keeler, {R. K.} and Kellogg, {R. G.} and Kennedy, {B. W.} and Kim, {D. H.} and K. Klein and A. Klier and S. Kluth and T. Kobayashi and M. Kobel and Kokott, {T. P.} and S. Komamiya and Kowalewski, {R. V.} and T. Kress and P. Krieger and {von Krogh}, J. and D. Krop and T. Kuhl and M. Kupper and P. Kyberd and Lafferty, {G. D.} and H. Landsman and D. Lanske and I. Lawson and Layter, {J. G.} and A. Leins and D. Lellouch and J. Letts and L. Levinson and R. Liebisch and J. Lillich and C. Littlewood and Lloyd, {A. W.} and Lloyd, {S. L.} and Loebinger, {F. K.} and Long, {G. D.} and Losty, {M. J.} and J. Lu and J. Ludwig and A. Macchiolo and A. Macpherson and W. Mader and S. Marcellini and Marchant, {T. E.} and Martin, {A. J.} and Martin, {J. P.} and G. Martinez and T. Mashimo and P. M{\"a}ttig and McDonald, {W. J.} and J. McKenna and McMahon, {T. J.} and McPherson, {R. A.} and F. Meijers and P. Mendez-Lorenzo and W. Menges and Merritt, {F. S.} and H. Mes and A. Michelini and S. Mihara and G. Mikenberg and Miller, {D. J.} and W. Mohr and A. Montanari and T. Mori and K. Nagai and I. Nakamura and Neal, {H. A.} and R. Nisius and O'Neale, {S. W.} and Oakham, {F. G.} and F. Odorici and A. Oh and A. Okpara and Oreglia, {M. J.} and S. Orito and G. P{\'a}sztor and Pater, {J. R.} and Patrick, {G. N.} and P. Pfeifenschneider and Pilcher, {J. E.} and J. Pinfold and Plane, {D. E.} and B. Poli and J. Polok and O. Pooth and M. Przybycień and A. Quadt and K. Rabbertz and C. Rembser and P. Renkel and H. Rick and N. Rodning and Roney, {J. M.} and S. Rosati and K. Roscoe and Rossi, {A. M.} and Y. Rozen and K. Runge and O. Runolfsson and Rust, {D. R.} and K. Sachs and T. Saeki and O. Sahr and Sarkisyan, {E. K.G.} and C. Sbarra and Schaile, {A. D.} and O. Schaile and P. Scharff-Hansen and M. Schr{\"o}der and M. Schumacher and C. Schwick and Scott, {W. G.} and R. Seuster and Shears, {T. G.} and Shen, {B. C.} and Shepherd-Themistocleous, {C. H.} and P. Sherwood and Siroli, {G. P.} and A. Skuja and Smith, {A. M.} and Snow, {G. A.} and R. Sobie and S. S{\"o}ldner-Rembold and S. Spagnolo and M. Sproston and A. Stahl and K. Stephens and K. Stoll and D. Strom and R. Str{\"o}hmer and L. Stumpf and B. Surrow and Talbot, {S. D.} and S. Tarem and Taylor, {R. J.} and R. Teuscher and J. Thomas and Thomson, {M. A.} and M. T{\"o}nnesmann and E. Torrence and S. Towers and D. Toya and T. Trefzger and I. Trigger and Z. Tr{\'o}cs{\'a}nyi and E. Tsur and Turner-Watson, {M. F.} and I. Ueda and B. Vachon and P. Vannerem and M. Verzocchi and H. Voss and J. Vossebeld and D. Waller and Ward, {C. P.} and Ward, {D. R.} and Watkins, {P. M.} and Watson, {A. T.} and Watson, {N. K.} and Wells, {P. S.} and T. Wengler and N. Wermes and D. Wetterling and White, {J. S.} and Wilson, {G. W.} and Wilson, {J. A.} and Wyatt, {T. R.} and S. Yamashita and V. Zacek and D. Zer-Zion",
year = "2001",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "257--268",
journal = "European Physical Journal C",
issn = "1434-6044",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Charged multiplicities in Z decays into u, d, and s Quarks

AU - Abbiendi, G.

AU - Ainsley, C.

AU - Åkesson, P. F.

AU - Alexander, G.

AU - Allison, J.

AU - Anagnostou, G.

AU - Anderson, K. J.

AU - Arcelli, S.

AU - Asai, S.

AU - Axen, D.

AU - Azuelos, G.

AU - Bailey, I.

AU - Ball, A. H.

AU - Barberio, E.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Behnke, T.

AU - Bell, K. W.

AU - Bella, G.

AU - Bellerive, A.

AU - Benelli, G.

AU - Bentvelsen, S.

AU - Bethke, S.

AU - Biebel, O.

AU - Bloodworth, I. J.

AU - Boeriu, O.

AU - Bock, P.

AU - Böhme, J.

AU - Bonacorsi, D.

AU - Boutemeur, M.

AU - Braibant, S.

AU - Bright-Thomas, P.

AU - Brigliadori, L.

AU - Brown, R. M.

AU - Burckhart, H. J.

AU - Cammin, J.

AU - Capiluppi, P.

AU - Carnegie, R. K.

AU - Caron, B.

AU - Carter, A. A.

AU - Carter, J. R.

AU - Chang, C. Y.

AU - Charlton, D. G.

AU - Clarke, P. E.L.

AU - Clay, E.

AU - Cohen, I.

AU - Cooke, O. C.

AU - Couchman, J.

AU - Coxe, R. L.

AU - Csilling, A.

AU - Cuffiani, M.

AU - Dado, S.

AU - Dallavalle, G. M.

AU - Dallison, S.

AU - de Roeck, A.

AU - de Wolf, E. A.

AU - Dervan, P.

AU - Desch, K.

AU - Dienes, B.

AU - Dixit, M. S.

AU - Donkers, M.

AU - Dubbert, J.

AU - Duchovni, E.

AU - Duckeck, G.

AU - Duerdoth, I. P.

AU - Estabrooks, P. G.

AU - Etzion, E.

AU - Fabbri, F.

AU - Fanti, M.

AU - Feld, L.

AU - Ferrari, P.

AU - Fiedler, F.

AU - Fleck, I.

AU - Ford, M.

AU - Frey, A.

AU - Fürtjes, A.

AU - Futyan, D. I.

AU - Gagnon, P.

AU - Gary, J. W.

AU - Gaycken, G.

AU - Geich-Gimbel, C.

AU - Giacomelli, G.

AU - Giacomelli, P.

AU - Glenzinski, D.

AU - Goldberg, J.

AU - Grandi, C.

AU - Graham, K.

AU - Gross, E.

AU - Grunhaus, J.

AU - Gruwé, M.

AU - Günther, P. O.

AU - Hajdu, C.

AU - Hanson, G. G.

AU - Harder, K.

AU - Harel, A.

AU - Harin-Dirac, M.

AU - Hauschild, M.

AU - Hawkes, C. M.

AU - Hawkings, R.

AU - Hemingway, R. J.

AU - Hensel, C.

AU - Herten, G.

AU - Heuer, R. D.

AU - Hill, J. C.

AU - Hocker, A.

AU - Hoffman, K.

AU - Homer, R. J.

AU - Honma, A. K.

AU - Horváth, D.

AU - Hossain, K. R.

AU - Howard, R.

AU - Hüntemeyer, P.

AU - Igo-Kemenes, P.

AU - Ishii, K.

AU - Jacob, F. R.

AU - Jawahery, A.

AU - Jeremie, H.

AU - Jones, C. R.

AU - Jovanovic, P.

AU - Junk, T. R.

AU - Kanaya, N.

AU - Kanzaki, J.

AU - Karapetian, G.

AU - Karlen, D.

AU - Kartvelishvili, V.

AU - Kawagoe, Kiyotomo

AU - Kawamoto, T.

AU - Keeler, R. K.

AU - Kellogg, R. G.

AU - Kennedy, B. W.

AU - Kim, D. H.

AU - Klein, K.

AU - Klier, A.

AU - Kluth, S.

AU - Kobayashi, T.

AU - Kobel, M.

AU - Kokott, T. P.

AU - Komamiya, S.

AU - Kowalewski, R. V.

AU - Kress, T.

AU - Krieger, P.

AU - von Krogh, J.

AU - Krop, D.

AU - Kuhl, T.

AU - Kupper, M.

AU - Kyberd, P.

AU - Lafferty, G. D.

AU - Landsman, H.

AU - Lanske, D.

AU - Lawson, I.

AU - Layter, J. G.

AU - Leins, A.

AU - Lellouch, D.

AU - Letts, J.

AU - Levinson, L.

AU - Liebisch, R.

AU - Lillich, J.

AU - Littlewood, C.

AU - Lloyd, A. W.

AU - Lloyd, S. L.

AU - Loebinger, F. K.

AU - Long, G. D.

AU - Losty, M. J.

AU - Lu, J.

AU - Ludwig, J.

AU - Macchiolo, A.

AU - Macpherson, A.

AU - Mader, W.

AU - Marcellini, S.

AU - Marchant, T. E.

AU - Martin, A. J.

AU - Martin, J. P.

AU - Martinez, G.

AU - Mashimo, T.

AU - Mättig, P.

AU - McDonald, W. J.

AU - McKenna, J.

AU - McMahon, T. J.

AU - McPherson, R. A.

AU - Meijers, F.

AU - Mendez-Lorenzo, P.

AU - Menges, W.

AU - Merritt, F. S.

AU - Mes, H.

AU - Michelini, A.

AU - Mihara, S.

AU - Mikenberg, G.

AU - Miller, D. J.

AU - Mohr, W.

AU - Montanari, A.

AU - Mori, T.

AU - Nagai, K.

AU - Nakamura, I.

AU - Neal, H. A.

AU - Nisius, R.

AU - O'Neale, S. W.

AU - Oakham, F. G.

AU - Odorici, F.

AU - Oh, A.

AU - Okpara, A.

AU - Oreglia, M. J.

AU - Orito, S.

AU - Pásztor, G.

AU - Pater, J. R.

AU - Patrick, G. N.

AU - Pfeifenschneider, P.

AU - Pilcher, J. E.

AU - Pinfold, J.

AU - Plane, D. E.

AU - Poli, B.

AU - Polok, J.

AU - Pooth, O.

AU - Przybycień, M.

AU - Quadt, A.

AU - Rabbertz, K.

AU - Rembser, C.

AU - Renkel, P.

AU - Rick, H.

AU - Rodning, N.

AU - Roney, J. M.

AU - Rosati, S.

AU - Roscoe, K.

AU - Rossi, A. M.

AU - Rozen, Y.

AU - Runge, K.

AU - Runolfsson, O.

AU - Rust, D. R.

AU - Sachs, K.

AU - Saeki, T.

AU - Sahr, O.

AU - Sarkisyan, E. K.G.

AU - Sbarra, C.

AU - Schaile, A. D.

AU - Schaile, O.

AU - Scharff-Hansen, P.

AU - Schröder, M.

AU - Schumacher, M.

AU - Schwick, C.

AU - Scott, W. G.

AU - Seuster, R.

AU - Shears, T. G.

AU - Shen, B. C.

AU - Shepherd-Themistocleous, C. H.

AU - Sherwood, P.

AU - Siroli, G. P.

AU - Skuja, A.

AU - Smith, A. M.

AU - Snow, G. A.

AU - Sobie, R.

AU - Söldner-Rembold, S.

AU - Spagnolo, S.

AU - Sproston, M.

AU - Stahl, A.

AU - Stephens, K.

AU - Stoll, K.

AU - Strom, D.

AU - Ströhmer, R.

AU - Stumpf, L.

AU - Surrow, B.

AU - Talbot, S. D.

AU - Tarem, S.

AU - Taylor, R. J.

AU - Teuscher, R.

AU - Thomas, J.

AU - Thomson, M. A.

AU - Tönnesmann, M.

AU - Torrence, E.

AU - Towers, S.

AU - Toya, D.

AU - Trefzger, T.

AU - Trigger, I.

AU - Trócsányi, Z.

AU - Tsur, E.

AU - Turner-Watson, M. F.

AU - Ueda, I.

AU - Vachon, B.

AU - Vannerem, P.

AU - Verzocchi, M.

AU - Voss, H.

AU - Vossebeld, J.

AU - Waller, D.

AU - Ward, C. P.

AU - Ward, D. R.

AU - Watkins, P. M.

AU - Watson, A. T.

AU - Watson, N. K.

AU - Wells, P. S.

AU - Wengler, T.

AU - Wermes, N.

AU - Wetterling, D.

AU - White, J. S.

AU - Wilson, G. W.

AU - Wilson, J. A.

AU - Wyatt, T. R.

AU - Yamashita, S.

AU - Zacek, V.

AU - Zer-Zion, D.

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - About 4.4 million hadronic decays of Z bosons, recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of around √s = 91.2 GeV, are used to determine the mean charged particle multiplicities for the three light quark flavours. Events from primary u, d, and s quarks are tagged by selecting characteristic particles which carry a large fraction of the beam energy. The charged particle multiplicities are measured in the hemispheres opposite to these particles. An unfolding procedure is applied to obtain these multiplicities for each primary light quark flavour. This yields 〈nu〉 = 17.77 ± 0.51 +0.86-1.20, 〈nd〉 = 21.44 ± 0.63 +1.46-1.17, 〈ns〉 = 20.02 ± 0.13 +0.39-0.37, where statistical arid systematic errors are given. The results for 〈nu〉 and 〈nd〉 are almost fully statistically anti-correlated. Within the errors the result is consistent with the flavour independence of the strong interaction for the particle multiplicities in events from the light up, down, and strange quarks.

AB - About 4.4 million hadronic decays of Z bosons, recorded by the OPAL detector at LEP at a centre-of-mass energy of around √s = 91.2 GeV, are used to determine the mean charged particle multiplicities for the three light quark flavours. Events from primary u, d, and s quarks are tagged by selecting characteristic particles which carry a large fraction of the beam energy. The charged particle multiplicities are measured in the hemispheres opposite to these particles. An unfolding procedure is applied to obtain these multiplicities for each primary light quark flavour. This yields 〈nu〉 = 17.77 ± 0.51 +0.86-1.20, 〈nd〉 = 21.44 ± 0.63 +1.46-1.17, 〈ns〉 = 20.02 ± 0.13 +0.39-0.37, where statistical arid systematic errors are given. The results for 〈nu〉 and 〈nd〉 are almost fully statistically anti-correlated. Within the errors the result is consistent with the flavour independence of the strong interaction for the particle multiplicities in events from the light up, down, and strange quarks.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0347116317&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0347116317&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 257

EP - 268

JO - European Physical Journal C

JF - European Physical Journal C

SN - 1434-6044

IS - 2

ER -