Crown ether dyes with pendent anionic side-arms were synthesized for extractionspectrophotometry of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions. Dramatic changes in metal selectivity were obtained simply by changing the nature of the anionic side-arm on the same crown ether skeleton. A structure/metal selectivity relationship is discussed in detail in terms of "chelate" and "intramolecular ion-pair" formation. Small metal cations (high charge density) are preferred in the extraction by a crown ether reagent with a charge-localized anionic side-arm through the formation of a "chelate". Large metal cations (low charge density) are preferred in the extraction by reagents with a charge-delocalized anionic side-arm through the formation of an "intramolecular ion-pair". Steric restrictions imposed by the side-arm on the metal ion approaching the crown ether are also important factor in controlling the selectivity of these reagents.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry