Chemical analysis and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory effect of anthocyanin-rich red leaf tea (cv. Sunrouge)

Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Takeshi Saito, Atsushi Nesumi, Yoshiko Tokuda, Kaori Ema, Daiki Honma, Akiko Ogino, Manami Monobe, Akira Murakami, Akira Murakami, Hirofumi Tachibana

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of leaf order or crop season on anthocyanins and other chemicals in the anthocyanin-rich tea cultivar 'Sunrouge' (Camellia sinensis x C. taliensis) by using high-performance liquid chromatography, and to study the effect of 'Sunrouge' extract on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. RESULTS: The total anthocyanin content was higher in the third (3.09 mg g-1) than in the second (2.24 mg g-1) or first crop season (1.79 mg g-1). The amount of anthocyanins contained in the stem was high (1.61 mg g-1). In the third crop season, the concentrations of delphinidin-3-O-β-D-(6-(E)-p-coumaroyl)galactopyranoside (DCGa), cyanidin-3-O-β-D-(6-(E)-p-coumaroyl)galactopyranoside, delphinidin-3-O-β-D-galactopyranoside, delphinidin-3-O-β-D-(6-O-(Z)-p-coumaroyl)galactopyranoside, cyanidin-3-O-β-D-galactoside, and delphinidin-3-O-β-D-glucoside were 1.57 mg g-1, 0.52 mg g-1, 0.40 mg g-1, 0.22 mg g-1, 0.14 mg g-1, and 0.11 mg g-1, respectively. DCGa accounted for about 50% of the anthocyanins present. The suppressive effect of 'Sunrouge' water extract on AChE activity in human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells was the strongest among the three tea cultivars ('Sunrouge', 'Yabukita' and 'Benifuuki'). CONCLUSION: These results suggested that 'Sunrouge' might protect humans from humans from AChE-related diseases by suppressing AChE activity. To obtain sufficient amounts of anthocyanins, catechins and/or caffeine for a functional food material, 'Sunrouge' from the third crop season should be used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2379-2386
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume92
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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