The chemical characteristics of hydrothermal fluids in the Indian Ocean have been revealed for the first time. A hydrothermal field (called the Kairei field), including active black smoker chimneys, was discovered by ROV Kaiko dives at 25°19.17′S, 70°02.40′E (~ 2450 m depth) on the southwestern flank of an off-axis knoll located ~ 15 miles north of the Rodriguez Triple Junction, Central Indian Ridge, after detailed tow-yo surveys of the hydrothermal plume distribution. The temperature of the fluid expelled from the most active chimney was almost stable (359-360°C) throughout three successive days of fluid sampling. The endmember fluid has a chemical composition similar to the hydrothermal fluids sampled from sediment-starved mid-ocean ridges in the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans, suggesting typical interactions between hot fluid and mid-ocean ridge basalts in the subseafloor reaction zone.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Space and Planetary Science