Chemical conversion of aged hepatocytes into bipotent liver progenitor cells.

Yu Huang, Daisuke Miyamoto, Pei-Lin Li, Yusuke Sakai, Takanobu Hara, Tomohiko Adachi, Akihiko Soyama, Masaaki Hidaka, Kengo Kanetaka, Wei-Li Gu, Susumu Eguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIM: In the aging society, understanding the influence of hepatocyte age on hepatocyte donation may inform efforts to expand alternative cell sources to mitigate liver donor shortage. A combination of the molecules Y27632, A-83-01, and CHIR99021 has been used to reprogram rodent young hepatocytes into chemically induced liver progenitor (CLiP) cells; however, whether it could also reprogram aged hepatocytes has not yet been elucidated. METHODS: Primary hepatocytes were isolated from aged and young donor rats, respectively. Hepatic histological changes were evaluated. Differences in gene expression in hepatocytes were identified. The in vitro reprogramming plasticity of hepatocytes as evidenced by CLiP conversion and the hepatocyte and cholangiocyte maturation capacity of reprogrammed CLIPs were analyzed. The effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on cell propagation was also investigated. RESULTS: The histological findings revealed ongoing liver damage with inflammation, fibrosis, senescence, and ductular reaction in aged livers. Microarray analysis showed altered gene expression profiles in hepatocytes from aged donors, especially with regard to metabolic pathways. Aged hepatocytes could be converted into CLiPs (Aged-CLiPs) expressing progenitor cell markers, but with a relatively low proliferative rate compared with young hepatocytes. Aged-CLiPs possessed both hepatocyte and cholangiocyte maturation capacity. HGF facilitated CLiP conversion in aged hepatocytes, which was partly related to the activation of Erk1 and Akt1 signaling. CONCLUSIONS: Aged rat hepatocytes have retained reprogramming plasticity as evidenced by CLiP conversion in culture. HGF promoted proliferation and CLiP conversion in aged hepatocytes. Hepatocytes from aged donors may be used as an alternative cell source to mitigate donor shortage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-335
Number of pages13
JournalHepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

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