Chemical diffusion of oxygen in thoria-urania solid solution

Tatsumi Arima, K. Kitano, K. Takemura, H. Furuya

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Abstract

The chemical diffusion coefficients of oxygen were measured for the (Th1-y, Uy)O2+x with uranium content y of 1, 3 and 5mol% in the temperature range of 1213-1313K under the oxidizing or reducing atmosphere. The magnitude of activation energies obtained for oxygen diffusion was in good agreement with the migration energy which is calculated based on interstitialcy mechanism by Colbourn. With increasing uranium content, the chemical diffusion coefficient increased and the activation energy for oxygen diffusion decreased slightly in the present experimental conditions. The excess oxygen were soluble into the (Th1-y, Uy)O2+x sample, so that the interaction energy between the higher valence uranium ions and interstitial oxygen ions might increase with decreasing uranium content. The effect of oxygen partial pressure on both the chemical diffusion coefficient and the lattice parameter of (Th1-y, Uy)O2+x could not be found. The lattice constant decreased linearly with uranium content, which indicated that the relation between these parameters obeyed Vegard's law.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume344
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2000

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Arima, T., Kitano, K., Takemura, K., & Furuya, H. (2000). Chemical diffusion of oxygen in thoria-urania solid solution. Thermochimica Acta, 344(1-2), 37-45.