Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the 17°S active site on the North Fiji Basin Ridge (SW Pacific)

Daniel Grimaud, Junichiro Ishibashi, Yves Lagabrielle, Jean Marie Auzende, Tetsuro Urabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In June 1989 a diving cruise of the French submersible Nautile was made along the North Fiji Basin spreading ridge. The objective was the geological and geochemical study of the active spreading axis and of the hydrothermal processes discovered during the Kaiyo cruise in 1988. Active anhydrite chimneys associated with underlaying sulfide deposits were studied in the central spreading ridge. The transparent venting fluid showed significant salinity depletion. The extrapolated concentrations of all the chemical species in the pure end member showed a signature similar to that of the Cl-depleted hydrothermal fluid from the ashes vent site in the Juan de Fuca Ridge. These features suggest that the present hydrothermal end member resulted from subcritical phase separation, which generated a low-salinity vapor phase followed by condensation and mixing with normal seawater in the last part of the plumbing system of the vents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Geology
Volume93
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 5 1991

Fingerprint

Vents
Ashes
hydrothermal fluid
Plumbing
salinity
Chimneys
Fluids
venting
submersible
Sulfides
anhydrite
diving
Seawater
basin
Phase separation
condensation
Condensation
ash
Deposits
Vapors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the 17°S active site on the North Fiji Basin Ridge (SW Pacific). / Grimaud, Daniel; Ishibashi, Junichiro; Lagabrielle, Yves; Auzende, Jean Marie; Urabe, Tetsuro.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 93, No. 3-4, 05.12.1991, p. 209-218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grimaud, Daniel ; Ishibashi, Junichiro ; Lagabrielle, Yves ; Auzende, Jean Marie ; Urabe, Tetsuro. / Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the 17°S active site on the North Fiji Basin Ridge (SW Pacific). In: Chemical Geology. 1991 ; Vol. 93, No. 3-4. pp. 209-218.
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