Poisoning effects by chlorine compounds, including Cl2 and HCl, to typical electrolyte-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) with Ni-scandia-stabilized zirconia cermet anodes have been evaluated. The degradation rate of cell voltage poisoned by 5 ppm Cl2 was estimated to be ca. 3%1000 h. Chlorine degradation rate increased with increasing Cl 2 concentration. Microstructural change associated with the formation of nickel nanoparticles on zirconia grains, probably via Ni Cl2 (g) sublimation, was observed after 150 h poisoning tests, whereas a partial recovery of cell voltage by removing chlorine from the fuels indicates that the chlorine poisoning is partially reversible. Thermochemical calculations, microstructural analysis, and electrochemical characterizations have revealed that the poisoning phenomena for Ni-based cermet anodes caused by chlorine compounds can be explained by the mixed adsorption-type and sublimation-type poisoning mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Materials Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Condensed Matter Physics