The effects of cholestyramine, a bile acid binding polymer, on the lipid and energy metabolism of chicks given dietary medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT) or long-chain triacylglycerol (LCT) were investigated. Chicks (from 8 to 17 days of age) were fed diets containing MCT or LCT at 200 g oil/kg diet with or without 2% cholestyramine under equalized feeding conditions. An adjusted LCT diet was formulated in order to supply another group with daily nutrients and dietary metabolizable energy (ME) equal to MCT groups, except for corn starch. ME intakes of chicks given MCT or LCT diets were reduced by cholestyramine; consequently, fat and energy retention was reduced, though the reduction was more drastic in chicks fed LCT. This was caused by a change in amounts of the fecal excretion of fat and bile acids. Cholestyramine enhanced the excretion of octanoic acid (8:0) in the feces, which suggests that bile acids are needed for 8:0 absorption. Cholestyramine affects the utilization of dietary MCT and LCT by lowering fat and energy retention in chicks. However, the effect of cholestyramine on MCT utilization was smaller than its effect on utilization of LCT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Cell Biology