Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm. The origin of osteosarcoma in the pleura is extremely rare, with only four such cases so far documented in the literature to the best of our knowledge. We herein report the case of a 64-year-old Japanese man in whom a left pneumonectomy and pleurectomy were carried out to remove a huge tumor. The pathological examination confi rmed a diagnosis of chondroblastic osteosarcoma that had originally arisen from the pleura.
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