Chromatin loading of MCM hexamers is associated with di-/tri-methylation of histone H4K20 toward S phase entry

Yoko Hayashi-Takanaka, Yuichiro Hayashi, Yasuhiro Hirano, Atsuko Miyawaki-Kuwakado, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Chikashi Obuse, Hiroshi Kimura, Tokuko Haraguchi, Yasushi Hiraoka

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    DNA replication is a key step in initiating cell proliferation. Loading hexameric complexes of minichromosome maintenance (MCM) helicase onto DNA replication origins during the G1 phase is essential for initiating DNA replication. Here, we examined MCM hexamer states during the cell cycle in human hTERT-RPE1 cells using multicolor immunofluorescence-based, single-cell plot analysis, and biochemical size fractionation. Experiments involving cell-cycle arrest at the G1 phase and release from the arrest revealed that a double MCM hexamer was formed via a single hexamer during G1 progression. A single MCM hexamer was recruited to chromatin in the early G1 phase. Another single hexamer was recruited to form a double hexamer in the late G1 phase. We further examined relationship between the MCM hexamer states and the methylation levels at lysine 20 of histone H4 (H4K20) and found that the double MCM hexamer state was correlated with di/trimethyl-H4K20 (H4K20me2/3). Inhibiting the conversion from monomethyl-H4K20 (H4K20me1) to H4K20me2/3 retained the cells in the single MCM hexamer state. Non-proliferative cells, including confluent cells or Cdk4/6 inhibitor-treated cells, also remained halted in the single MCM hexamer state. We propose that the single MCM hexamer state is a halting step in the determination of cell cycle progression.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12152-12166
    Number of pages15
    JournalNucleic acids research
    Issue number21
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2021

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Genetics


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