Chromatin structure-dependent histone incorporation revealed by a genome-wide deposition assay

Hiroaki Tachiwana, Mariko Dacher, Kazumitsu Maehara, Akihito Harada, Yosuke Seto, Ryohei Katayama, Yasuyuki Ohkawa, Hiroshi Kimura, Hitoshi Kurumizaka, Noriko Saitoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In eukaryotes, histone variant distribution within the genome is the key epigenetic feature. To understand how each histone variant is targeted to the genome, we developed a new method, the RhIP (Reconstituted histone complex Incorporation into chromatin of Permeabilized cell) assay, in which epitope-tagged histone complexes are introduced into permeabilized cells and incorporated into their chromatin. Using this method, we found that H3.1 and H3.3 were incorporated into chromatin in replication-dependent and-independent manners, respectively. We further found that the incorporation of histones H2A and H2A.Z mainly occurred at less condensed chromatin (open), suggesting that condensed chromatin (closed) is a barrier for histone incorporation. To overcome this barrier, H2A, but not H2A.Z, uses a replication-coupled deposition mechanism. Our study revealed that the combination of chromatin structure and DNA replication dictates the differential histone deposition to maintain the epigenetic chromatin states.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere66290
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


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