Chronopharmacology of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in mice

Shigehiro Ohdo, Naoko Arata, Taku Furukubo, Eiji Yukawa, Shun Higuchi, Shigeyuki Nakano, Nobuya Ogawa

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of the sensitivity of bone marrow cells to, and the pharmacokinetics of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the rhythm of leukocyte-increasing effect was investigated in ICR male mice housed under a standardized light-dark cycle (lights on at 0700, off at 1900). A significant circadian rhythm was demonstrated for leukocyte counts at 24 hr after G-CSF (250 μg/kg, s.c.) injection at six different circadian times (P < .01). The leukocyte counts of mice given G-CSF at 0500, 0900, 1300 or 1700 were significantly higher than those of mice given G-CSF at 2100 (P < .01, respectively). The rhythmic pattern resembled overall the rhythm occurring after saline injection. In the comparison between leukocyte counts after G-CSF injection at 0700 and 1900, the time when leukocyte counts are equal in nondrugged state, the leukocyte counts at 24 hr after G-CSF (250 μg/kg, i.v.) injection were approximately 50% higher in mice injected with the drug at 0700 than at 1900 (P < .01). Bone marrow cultures obtained at two times of day resulted in different numbers of myeloid colonies even when treated with the same concentrations of G-CSF in vitro. The colony-forming activity of G-CSF was significantly more potent at 0700 than at 1900 (P < .01). The plasma G-CSF concentrations after G-CSF (250 or 5 μg/kg, i.v.) injection were significantly higher in mice receiving injections with the drug at 0700 than at 1900 (P < .05, respectively). The area under the curve and mean residence time were significantly larger in mice injected with the drug at 0700 than at 1900 (P < .01, P < .05, respectively). Our suggests that the rhythm of G-CSF activity is caused by that of the sensitivity of bone marrow cells to, and the pharmacokinetics of the drug.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-246
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume285
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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