Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), including symptoms, blood chemistry and immunological findings. Patients and methods: We retrospectively investigated the records of 11 patients (six female and five male) with CSS admitted to our hospital from September 2003 to October 2009. Results: Eight patients had preceding symptoms including bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis. Seven patients showed eosinophilia. Nine patients had mononeuritis multiplex. Positive findings of myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) were found in five patients. Neither clinical manifestations nor laboratory findings were correlated with positivity for MPO-ANCA. However, the MPO-ANCA-positive group showed a higher level of blood urea nitrogen and proteinuria than those negative for MPO-ANCA. Ten patients recovered after starting steroid or immunosuppressive therapy, although one patient died of unknown etiology. Conclusion: Although general assessments based on various factors such as medical history, clinical manifestation and laboratory studies are indispensable in CSS, MPO-ANCA might be useful as a predictor of renal dysfunction in patients with CSS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes