Objectives: Cilostazol is known to be a selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3 and is generally used to treat intermittent claudication caused by peripheral arterial disease. However, there is little information concerning the effect of cilostazol on angiogenesis. Here, we investigated whether cilostazol modulates the angiogenic process in vivo employing a hindlimb model of ischaemia-induced angiogenesis. Design: This was an experimental study. Materials and methods: Wild-type (WT) mice were randomly divided into two groups and were treated with or without cilostazol. One week later, the mice were subjected to unilateral hindlimb ischaemia. Angiogenesis was determined by laser Doppler analysis and capillary density stained with CD31. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) was assessed by immunoblotting. Results: WT mice treated with cilostazol showed accelerated neo-vascularisation following hindlimb ischaemic surgery on post-operative day 14 based upon laser Doppler measurements of blood flow (cilostazol-treated group, 0.54 ± 0.13 vs. control group, 0.38 ± 0.11; P-<-0.05). The capillary density in the ischaemic hindlimb was also significantly greater in WT mice treated with cilostazol than in non-treated WT mice (cilostazol-treated group, 1.63 ± 0.10 vs. control group, 1.15 ± 0.12; P-<-0.01). Cilostazol stimulated an ischaemia-induced increase in the phosphorylation of eNOS in the ischaemic limbs. Administration of NOS inhibitor N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) abolished cilostazol-induced increase in limb perfusion. Conclusions: Our observations indicate that cilostazol can promote neo-vascularisation in response to tissue ischaemia via an eNOS-dependent mechanism. Cilostazol could be useful for treatment of ischaemic limb diseases.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine