To evaluate the effects of aging on the circadian gene expression of coagulation and fibrinolytic factors in the mouse tissues, we examined temporal mRNA expression profiles of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), tissue factor (TF), and thrombomodulin (TM) genes together with circadian clock genes in the brains, hearts and livers of young (5. weeks old) and aged (15. months old) mice. Cardiac mRNA expression of β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC), a molecular marker of cardiac hypertrophy, was obviously increased in the aged mice. Rhythmic expression of the clock genes mPer2 and BMAL1 in these organs was almost identical between young and aged mice, whereas that of PAI-1, TF and TM mRNAs and of clock-controlled genes such as DBP and Dec1 were damped to low levels in the livers of aged mice. Expression levels of tPA mRNA were significantly decreased and those of TF were significantly elevated throughout the day in the brain of aged mice. Expression levels of PAI-1 in the heart of aged mice were continuously elevated over 2-fold the peak levels of young mice throughout the day. However, day/night fluctuations in plasma PAI-1 levels were unaffected by aging. Aging tissue- and time-dependently affects the mRNA expression of coagulation and fibrinolytic factors. Aging-dependent constitutive PAI-1 induction in the heart might be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases that is independent of plasma PAI-1 levels.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology