Circular polarization of primordial gravitational waves in string-inspired inflationary cosmology

Masaki Satoh, Sugumi Kanno, Jiro Soda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study a mechanism to produce the circular polarization of primordial gravitational waves. The circular polarization is generated during the superinflation driven by the Gauss-Bonnet term in the string-inspired cosmology. The instability in the tensor mode caused by the Gauss-Bonnet term and the parity violation due to the gravitational Chern-Simons term are the essential ingredients of the mechanism. We also discuss detectability of the produced circular polarization of gravitational waves. It turns out that the simple model of single-field inflation contradicts cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations. To circumvent this difficulty, we propose a two-field inflation model. In this two-field model, the circular polarization of gravitational waves is created in the frequency range designed by the big-bang observer (BBO) or the deci-hertz gravitational-wave observatory (DECIGO).

Original languageEnglish
Article number023526
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 23 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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