Circumstellar Disks and Outflows in Turbulent Molecular Cloud Cores: Possible Formation Mechanism for Misaligned Systems

Tomoaki Matsumoto, Masahiro N. Machida, Shu Ichiro Inutsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the formation of circumstellar disks and outflows subsequent to the collapse of molecular cloud cores with the magnetic field and turbulence. Numerical simulations are performed by using an adaptive mesh refinement to follow the evolution up to ∼1000 years after the formation of a protostar. In the simulations, circumstellar disks are formed around the protostars; those in magnetized models are considerably smaller than those in nonmagnetized models, but their size increases with time. The models with stronger magnetic fields tend to produce smaller disks. During evolution in the magnetized models, the mass ratios of a disk to a protostar is approximately constant at ∼1%-10%. The circumstellar disks are aligned according to their angular momentum, and the outflows accelerate along the magnetic field on the 10-100 au scale; this produces a disk that is misaligned with the outflow. The outflows are classified into two types: a magnetocentrifugal wind and a spiral flow. In the latter, because of the geometry, the axis of rotation is misaligned with the magnetic field. The magnetic field has an internal structure in the cloud cores, which also causes misalignment between the outflows and the magnetic field on the scale of the cloud core. The distribution of the angular momentum vectors in a core also has a non-monotonic internal structure. This should create a time-dependent accretion of angular momenta onto the circumstellar disk. Therefore, the circumstellar disks are expected to change their orientation as well as their sizes in the long-term evolutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number69
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume839
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 10 2017

Fingerprint

formation mechanism
molecular clouds
outflow
magnetic field
angular momentum
protostars
magnetic fields
axes of rotation
simulation
turbulence
accretion
misalignment
mass ratios
geometry
causes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Circumstellar Disks and Outflows in Turbulent Molecular Cloud Cores : Possible Formation Mechanism for Misaligned Systems. / Matsumoto, Tomoaki; Machida, Masahiro N.; Inutsuka, Shu Ichiro.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 839, No. 1, 69, 10.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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