Clinical and histological characteristics of ictal onset zone in cases of intractable epilepsy associated with dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor

Nobuya Murakami, Takato Morioka, Kimiaki Hashiguchi, Satoshi O. Suzuki, Hiroshi Shigeto, Ayumi Sakata, Tomio Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the epileptogenic location of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTs) is controversial, it has recently been thought to be located within cortical dysplasia (CD) due to its frequent association with CD. Among the 84 resection surgeries for intractable epilepsy performed in our institution between January 2003 and April 2010, three patients had epileptogenic DNTs. In two cases, chronic subdural electrocorticography (ECoG) was performed, and the ictal onset zone was revealed to be in the cortex around the DNT. The ictal onset zone was resected along with the DNT, and good seizure outcome was achieved. Although histological examination of the ictal onset zone revealed mild gliosis, coexistence of CD was not noted. In the third case, the DNT was located in the left lateral temporal lobe and the intraoperative ECoG revealed frequent paroxysmal activity in the medial temporal lobe. Resection of the lateral temporal lobe involving the tumor did not result in good seizure control. The optimal surgical treatment of DNT is controversial. Some authors consider lesionectomy to be sufficient for good seizure control, whereas others advocate that additional resection of the epileptogenic zone beside the tumor improves outcome. Because the epileptogenic location of DNT varies among cases, it is important to identify its location by preoperative multimodal examinations, including chronic subdural ECoG recordings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-532
Number of pages8
JournalBrain and Nerve
Volume67
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology

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