Clinical characteristics and outcomes of dilated phase of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: Report from the registry data in Japan

Daisuke Goto, Shintaro Kinugawa, Sanae Hamaguchi, Mamoru Sakakibara, Miyuki Tsuchihashi-Makaya, Takashi Yokota, Satoshi Yamada, Hisashi Yokoshiki, Hiroyuki Tsutsui

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Abstract

Background: A subset of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been reported to progress into dilated-HCM (D-HCM), characterized by left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and cavity dilatation, resembling idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). We compared the characteristics, treatments, and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) due to D-HCM vs. DCM by using national registry data in Japan. Methods and results: The Japanese Cardiac Registry of Heart Failure in Cardiology (JCARE-CARD) is a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized due to worsening HF with an average of 2.2 years of follow-up. Patients with D-HCM (n=. 41) were more likely to be male, have prior stroke, atrial fibrillation, and sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation compared with DCM (n=. 486). Echocardiography demonstrated that D-HCM patients had smaller LV end-systolic diameter, higher ejection fraction, and greater wall thickness. Treatments for HF including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker, β-blocker, and spironolactone were similar between groups except for higher use of amiodarone, warfarin, and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator for D-HCM. Mortality was significantly higher in patients with D-HCM (29.7% vs. 14.4%; p<0.05). Sudden death tended to be higher also in D-HCM (8.1% vs. 2.6%; p=. 0.06), which, however, did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: HF patients with D-HCM had higher mortality risk than those with DCM. Effective management strategies are critically needed to be established for D-HCM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiology
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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