Clinical efficacy of simplified intravoxel incoherent motion imaging using three b-values for differentiating high- and low-grade gliomas

Takuya Hino, Osamu Togao, Akio Hiwatashi, Koji Yamashita, Kazufumi Kikuchi, Daichi Momosaka, Hiroshi Honda

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Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters calculated with three b-values in differentiating high-grade gliomas (HGGs) from low-grade gliomas (LGGs) by comparing those calculated with multiple b-values. Ten patients with LGG (ages 35.1±12.1 yrs; 4 males, 6 females) and 21 patients with HGG (ages 60.6±19.1 yrs; 10 males, 11 females) who underwent subsequent surgical resections were examined with both IVIM imaging and histopathological analysis. The IVIM diffusion-weighted imaging was conducted using a single-shot echo planar sequence with 13 b-factors (0, 10, 20, 30, 50, 80, 100, 200, 300, 400, 600, 800, and 1000 sec/mm 2 ) at 3T. In the conventional IVIM analysis, the perfusion fraction (f) and true diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated by biexponential fitting model with 13 b-values. In the simplified method with the selected three b-values (0, 300, and 1000 sec/mm 2 ), D simply corresponds to the slope of a straight line passing through two logarithmic signal intensities (SIs) at the b-values of 300 and 1000 s/mm 2 , and f corresponds to the difference between the intercept of this line and SI at the b-value of 0 sec/mm 2 . The maximum f (f-max) and minimum D (D-min) was measured in each tumor. The f-max values calculated with three b-values (12.8±5.9%) were significantly lower than those with 13 b-values (17.3±7.5%, p<0.0001), but a good correlation and agreement were observed between these sets of f-max values (r = 0.79, ICC = 0.87). In the IVIM imaging with both three and 13 b-values, the HGGs showed significantly higher f-max values compared to the LGGs (p<0.001, respectively). The D-min values calculated with three b-values (1.06±0.31 ×10 −3 mm 2 /sec) was not different from those with 13 b-values (1.07±0.33 ×10 −3 mm 2 /sec), and an excellent correlation and agreement were found between them (r = 0.99, ICC = 0.99). The simplified IVIM imaging using three b-values can efficiently differentiate HGGs and LGGs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0209796
JournalPloS one
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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