Clinical impact of the triple-layered circular stapler for reducing the anastomotic leakage in rectal cancer surgery: Porcine model and multicenter retrospective cohort analysis

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Abstract

Aim: To investigate the impact of the triple-layered circular stapler compared with the double-layered circular stapler on anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer surgery. Methods: The bursting pressure was compared between porcine ileocolic anastomoses created using a double- or triple-layered stapler. We also retrospectively analyzed the incidence of severe anastomotic leakage in 194 patients who underwent colorectal anastomosis using a double- or triple-layered circular stapler during rectal cancer resection performed in two cancer centers between January 2015 and April 2021. Results: In the porcine model, the bursting pressure was higher in anastomoses created using the triple-layered stapler than the double-layered stapler (end-to-end anastomosis: 26.4 ± 6.2 mm Hg vs 14.5 ± 4.3 mm Hg, P =.0031; side-to-side anastomosis: 27.7 ± 5.0 mm Hg vs 18.0 ± 2.9 mm Hg, P =.0275). Intersectional leakage occurred in 41% and 83% of anastomoses created using the triple- or double-layered stapler, respectively (P =.0821). In the clinical cohort, the double- and triple-layered stapler was used in 153 and 41 patients, respectively. The incidence of anastomotic leakage was lower for anastomoses created using the triple-layered stapler vs the double-layered stapler (0.0% vs 5.8%, P =.0362). In multivariate analysis, the factors independently associated with a lower incidence of anastomotic leakage were female sex (odds ratio: 0.16, 95% confidence interval: 0.01-0.90, P =.0354) and triple-layered stapler usage (odds ratio: 0.00, 95% confidence interval: 0.00-0.96, P =.0465). Conclusion: Anastomoses created using a triple-layered circular stapler had high bursting pressure, which might contribute to a lower incidence of anastomotic leakage after rectal cancer surgery.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Gastroenterological Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

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