Clinical impact of whole body FDG-PET on the staging and therapeutic decision making for malignant lymphoma

Masayuki Sasaki, Yasuo Kuwabara, Hirofumi Koga, Makoto Nakagawa, Tao Chen, Kouichirou Kaneko, Kazutaka Hayashi, Katsumasa Nakamura, Kouji Masuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical impact of whole-body FDG-PET for the pre-therapeutic evaluation of malignant lymphoma and compared to that of 67Ga-scintigraphy when added to non-RI examinations. Methods: We examined 46 patients with malignant lymphoma including 42 newly diagnosed cases and 4 relapsed cases. Whole-body FDG-PET was started 63 minutes after the administration of FDG with ECAT EXACT HR+. The clinical stage of each patient was determined based on the results of a non-RI examination (consisting of physical examination, CT, gastrointestinal studies and bone marrow aspiration), 67Ga planar images and FDG-PET. Discrepant findings were verified based on the response to treatment and the findings of a follow-up examination more than 6 months after treatment. Finally, 152 nodal regions and 19 extranodal tissues were found to be involved by disease. Results: In the 152 nodal lesions, FDG-PET detected 54 nodal lesions in addition to 98 lesions detected by non-RI examinations, whereas 67Gascintigraphy detected 14 additional lesions. The sensitivity of non-RI, non-RI + 67Ga and non-RI + FDG was 64.5%, 73.7% and 100.0%, respectively. In 19 extranodal lesions, FDG-PET detected 5 extranodal lesions in addition to 13 lesions detected by non-RI examinations, whereas 67Gascintigraphy detected 1 additional lesion. The sensitivity of non-RI, non-RI + 67Ga and non-RI + FDG was 68.4%, 73.7% and 94.7%, respectively. When combining the FDG-PET findings with the non-RI findings, the improvement of the detectability was much higher than that when 67Ga findings were combined to the non-RI findings. For the staging of lymphoma, the non-RI and non-RI + 67Ga findings accurately diagnosed 76.1% and 80.4%, respectively, whereas the non-RI + FDG findings accurately diagnosed 82.6%. Finally, FDG-PET resulted in changes in the clinical management of 8 patients (17.4%). Conclusions: FDG-PET offers more information in addition to the findings of conventional diagnostic methods than 67Ga-scintigraphy in order to accurately detect malignant lymphoma. FDG-PET can therefore play an important role in therapeutic decision making on lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-345
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical impact of whole body FDG-PET on the staging and therapeutic decision making for malignant lymphoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this