Clinical Outcomes of Living Liver Transplantation According to the Presence of Sarcopenia as Defined by Skeletal Muscle Mass, Hand Grip, and Gait Speed

N. Harimoto, T. Yoshizumi, T. Izumi, T. Motomura, N. Harada, S. Itoh, T. Ikegami, H. Uchiyama, Y. Soejima, A. Nishie, T. Kamishima, R. Kusaba, K. Shirabe, Y. Maehara

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of death after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, the ability of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria for sarcopenia (defined as reduced skeletal muscle mass plus low muscle strength) to predict surgical outcomes in patients who have undergone LDLT has not been determined. Methods This study prospectively enrolled 366 patients who underwent LDLT at Kyushu University Hospital. Skeletal muscle area (determined by computed tomography), hand-grip strength, and gait speed were measured in 102 patients before LDLT. We investigated the relationship between sarcopenia and surgical outcomes after LDLT performed in three time periods. Results The number of patients with lower skeletal muscle area has increased to 52.9% in recent years. The incidence of sarcopenia according to the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria was 23.5% (24/102). Patients with sarcopenia (defined by skeletal muscle area and functional parameters) had significantly lower skeletal muscle area and weaker hand-grip strength than did those without sarcopenia. Compared with non-sarcopenic patients, patients with sarcopenia also had significantly worse liver function, greater estimated blood loss, greater incidence of postoperative complications of Clavien-Dindo grade IV or greater (including amount of ascites on postoperative day 14, total bilirubin on postoperative day 14, and postoperative sepsis), and longer postoperative hospital stay. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed sarcopenia as a significant predictor of 6-month mortality. Conclusions The combination of skeletal muscle mass and function can predict surgical outcomes in LDLT patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2144-2152
Number of pages9
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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