Objectives: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of radical chemoradiotherapy for patients with synchronous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and esophageal cancer (EC). Methods: Thirty-four patients with synchronous HNSCC and EC were treated mainly with radical chemoradiotherapy at the same time. Median external radiation dose for HNSCC and EC was 70 Gy (range, 60-70.5 Gy), except for 2 patients with tongue cancer, who underwent brachytherapy and 60 Gy (range, 45-70 Gy), respectively. Thirty-one patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin and/or 5-fluorouracil or TS-1 (oral anticancer agent that combines tegafur, a metabolically activated prodrug of 5-fluorouracil, with 5-chloro-2, 4-dihydoroxypyridine, and potassium oxonate). Results: Thirty-three patients completed the intended treatment. The response rate was 94%, with 26 complete responses (76%) and 6 partial responses (18%). At a median follow-up of 17.3 months, 2-year rates of overall survival, cause-specific survival, and disease-free survival were 44%, 52%, and 33%, respectively. Initial failure patterns were local failure in 14 patients (63%), regional progression in 3 patients (13%), and distant metastasis in 6 patients (27%). The most common acute toxicity was myelosuppression, with 8 patients experiencing grade 3-4 toxicity. Three patients experienced grade 3 mucositis and pharyngitis. No patients experienced late morbidity of grade 3 or higher. Conclusions: Definitive chemoradiotherapy for patients with synchronous HNSCC and EC is feasible with a low mortality rate and acceptable morbidity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research