The clinical results of mitral valve surgery in children were evaluated. Fifty children (age ranged between 1 month and 12 years) with mitral valve regurgitation have undergone valve surgery with low operative mortality (2%). Valve plasty using several techniques including annuloplasty have been performed with quite high success rate (92%), while valve replacement was required in four patients who had the prolapse of the anterior mitral leaflet (8%). Reoperation was required in 5 patients (10%), and there were 4 late deaths. Introduction of the reconstructive technique of the chordae tendinae using artificial chordae resulted 100% success rate of mitral repair for the prolapse of the anterior mitral leaflet without death and reoperation. The reoperation free rate and the actuarial survival rate at 15 years of the patients with mitral regurgitation were 70 +/- 12% and 85 +/- 7%, respectively. In ten patients with mitral valve stenosis (age ranged between 1 month and 5 years), 5 patients required valve replacement (50%), and 2 patients died (20%). The clinical results of the surgery for the mitral stenosis were still unsatisfactory, and the reoperation free rate at 2 years was 42 +/- 30% and the actuarial survival rate at 13 years were 32 +/- 18%.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes