Clinical Trial of a Cancer Vaccine Targeting VEGF and KIF20A in Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer

Mutsunori Murahashi, Toshihisa Tsuruta, Kazunari Yamada, Yasuki Hijikata, Hisanobu Ogata, Junji Kishimoto, Sachiko Yoshimura, Tetsuro Hikichi, Yoichi Nakanishi, Kenzaburo Tani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: As the prognosis of biliary tract cancer (BTC) is extremely poor and treatment options are limited, new treatment modalities are urgently needed. We designed a phase II clinical trial to investigate the immune responses and clinical benefits of OCV-C01, an HLA-A*24:02-restricted three-peptide cancer vaccine targeting VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and KIF20A. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants were patients with advanced BTC who had unresectable tumours and were refractory to standard chemotherapy. OCV-C01 was injected weekly until the discontinuance criteria were met. RESULTS: Six participants, including four patients positive for HLA-A*24:02, were enrolled in this study for assessment of efficacy. Four out of six patients exhibited vaccine-specific T-cell responses to one or more of three antigens. Log-rank tests revealed that vaccine-specific T cell responses contributed significantly to overall survival. CONCLUSION: The cancer vaccine had positive effects on survival, indicating that this approach warrants further clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1485-1496
Number of pages12
JournalAnticancer research
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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