Clinicopathological review of solitary fibrous tumors: dedifferentiation is a major cause of patient death

Yuichi Yamada, Kenichi Kohashi, Izumi Kinoshita, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Takeshi Iwasaki, Masato Yoshimoto, Shin Ishihara, Yu Toda, Yoshihiro Itou, Yutaka Koga, Mikiko Hashisako, Yui Nozaki, Daisuke Kiyozawa, Daichi Kitahara, Takeshi Inoue, Munenori Mukai, Yumi Honda, Gouji Toyokawa, Kenji Tsuchihashi, Yoshifumi MatsushitaFumiyoshi Fushimi, Kenichi Taguchi, Sadafumi Tamiya, Yumi Oshiro, Masutaka Furue, Yasuharu Nakashima, Satoshi Suzuki, Toru Iwaki, Yoshinao Oda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a soft-tissue neoplasm of intermediate malignant potential, presenting a wide histopathological spectrum. Poorer prognosis of hemangiopericytoma of the central nervous system (CNS), hypoglycemic SFT, and dedifferentiation are well-known characters of SFT, but their clinical significance were not demonstrated enough by large-sized study. Here, the clinicopathological features of SFTs are reviewed and the relationship between genetics and clinicopathological features is examined using 145 SFT cases. All cases were STAT6 IHC-positive and/or NAB2-STAT6 fusion gene-positive. Tumor location was classified into three categories: 30 pleuropulmonary, 96 non-pleuropulmonary/non-central nervous system (CNS), and 18 CNS tumors. The tumor developed recurrence in 21 of 93 available cases (22.5%), metastasis in 11 of 93 (11.8%), and tumor death in 9 of 93 (9.6%). Hypoglycemia occurred in 2 primary tumors and 1 metastatic tumor among 63 reviewable cases, and dedifferentiation occurred in 10 cases (6.8%) including 6 primary tumors, 2 recurrent tumors, and 2 metastatic tumors. Recurrence was positively associated with CNS location (p = 0.0109) and hypoglycemia (p = 0.001); metastasis was positively associated with CNS location (p = 0.0231), hypoglycemia (p < 0.0001), and dedifferentiation (p < 0.0001), while metastasis was negatively correlated with pleural location (p = 0.0471). Tumor death was positively associated with male sex (p = 0.0154), larger size (p = 0.0455), hypoglycemia (p < 0.0001), and dedifferentiation (p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed independent statistical significance of dedifferentiation for overall survival (p = 0.0467). Exon variant of the fusion gene had no statistical correlation with clinical outcome. In conclusion, dedifferentiation is a major prognostic factor of SFT, and specific location such as cerebromeningeal and intra-abdominal site and hypoglycemia also had a high risk for unfavorable prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-477
Number of pages11
JournalVirchows Archiv
Volume475
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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