A molecular epidemiological analysis was performed to reveal the clonal association of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from patients with bullous impetigo. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis with cluster analysis, genetic and phenotypic characterizations, and antimicrobial susceptibility profiling of 88 S. aureus strains isolated from outpatients at 4 hospitals in the Kansai district in Japan were undertaken. Three distinct clonal groups were identified: 2 of them carried the exfoliative toxin (ET) A gene (eta), and the other carried the ETB gene (etb). The former groups represent 2 eta-positive clonal groups that have not been described previously. All the strains in the more dominant eta-positive clonal group and some of the strains in the etb-positive clonal group were methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) showing borderline-to-moderate resistance to β-lactams. These MRSA strains appear to be emerging clonal groups that have not been considered in previous epidemiological studies of ET-producing S. aureus in Japan and thus pose a significant threat for future treatment of patients with bullous impetigo and/or staphylococcal scalded-skin syndrome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases