A novel δ-endotoxin gene from a lepidopteran-specific Bacillus thuringiensis serovar galleriae strain was cloned, and the full sequence of the cry gene was determined. The cloned 6.5-kb DNA fragment included the full sequence of the cry gene and three open reading frames located upstream of the cry gene. The gene, designated cry9Ec1, encodes a polypeptide of 1154 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 130 237. The deduced amino acid sequence of the Cry9Ec1 protein had the highest homology (77.7%) with the Cry9Ec1 protein when compared with existing Cry proteins. The expression, in an acrystalliferous B. thuringiensis strain, of the cry9Ec1 gene was high when controlled by the cyt1A2 promoter, leading to the formation of large spherical inclusions. The purified crystals from the recombinant strain were toxic when tested against two lepidopteran species, Bombyx mori and Plutella xylostella. However, the Cry9Ec1 protein gave no toxicity against Spodoptera litura, Spodoptera exigua, Plodia interpunctella, Helicoverpa zea, and Culex pipiens molestus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology