Cloning of a human cDNA encoding a CDC2-related kinase by complementation of a budding yeast cdc28 mutation

J. Ninomiya-Tsuji, Satoshi Nomoto, H. Yasuda, S. I. Reed, K. Matsumoto

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Abstract

We have cloned two different human cDNAs that can complement cdc28 mutations of budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. One corresponds to a gene encoding human p34(CDC2) kinase, and the other to a gene (CDK2; cell division kinase) that has not been characterized previously. The CDK2 protein is highly homologous to p34(CDC2) kinase (65% identical) and more significantly is homologous to Xenopus Eg1 kinase (89% identical), suggesting that CDK2 is the human homolog of Eg1. The human CDC2 and CDK2 genes were both able to complement the inviability of a null allele of S. cerevisiae CDC28. This result indicates that the CDK2 protein has a biological activity closely related to the CDC28 and p34(CDC2) kinases. However, CDK2 was unable to complement cdc2 mutants in fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe under the condition where the human CDC2 gene could complement them. CDK2 mRNA appeared late in G1 or in early S phase, slightly before CDC2 mRNA, after growth stimulation in normal human fibroblast cells. These results suggest that in human cells, two different CDC2-like kinases may regulate the cell cycle at distinct stages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9006-9010
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume88
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

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CDC2-CDC28 Kinases
Saccharomycetales
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
Phosphotransferases
Mutation
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
Schizosaccharomyces
Genes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Messenger RNA
Xenopus
S Phase
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Fibroblasts
Alleles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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Cloning of a human cDNA encoding a CDC2-related kinase by complementation of a budding yeast cdc28 mutation. / Ninomiya-Tsuji, J.; Nomoto, Satoshi; Yasuda, H.; Reed, S. I.; Matsumoto, K.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 88, No. 20, 01.01.1991, p. 9006-9010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ninomiya-Tsuji, J. ; Nomoto, Satoshi ; Yasuda, H. ; Reed, S. I. ; Matsumoto, K. / Cloning of a human cDNA encoding a CDC2-related kinase by complementation of a budding yeast cdc28 mutation. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1991 ; Vol. 88, No. 20. pp. 9006-9010.
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