Corticosterone methyloxidase I (CMO I) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of aldosterone biosynthesis. To determine further the molecular genetic basis of CMO I deficiency, a patient of Turkish origin that suffered from CMO I deficiency was studied. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR-amplified exons from the genomic DNA of this patient revealed a single point mutation CTG (leucine) → CCG (proline) at codon 461 in exon 8 of CYP11B2, which is involved in the putative heme binding site of steroid 18-hydroxylase (P450(C18)). The expression study using a cDNA introducing the point mutation revealed that the amino acid substitution totally abolishes the P450(C18) enzyme activities required for conversion of 11-deoxycorticosterone to aldosterone, even though the mutant product was detected in the mitochondrial fraction of the transfected cells. These results suggest that this point mutation causes CMO I deficiency.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - May 19 1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology