Co-cultivation of pancreatic cancer cells with orthotopic tumor-derived fibroblasts: Fibroblasts stimulate tumor cell invasion via HGF secretion whereas cancer cells exert a minor regulative effect on fibroblasts HGF production

Li Wu Qian, Kazuhiro Mizumoto, Naoki Maehara, Kenoki Ouchida, Naoki Inadome, Michiyo Saimura, Eishi Nagai, Kunio Matsumoto, Toshikazu Nakamura, Masao Tanaka

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Abstract

The intensive stromal reaction is one of characteristics of pancreatic exocrine carcinoma. The mutual interaction between pancreatic cancer cells and orthotopic tumor-derived fibroblasts have not been clarified yet. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanism underlying the tumor-stromal interaction with an in vitro coculture experimental system. Considerable strong c-Met expression was detected in seven out ten lines of human pancreatic carcinoma cells, as determined by Western blotting. For hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-production, however, none or only trace amounts of HGF could be detected in those ten cell lines. Of the two lots of tumor-derived fibroblasts obtained from two pancreatic cancer patients, the fibroblasts capable to produce HGF could initiate an apparent invasion-stimulating response in strong c-Met-expressed Suit-2 and Panc-1 cells but not in faint expressed Mia PaCa-2 and BxPC-3 cells. A specialized HGF antagonist, NK4 would effectively inhibit the fibroblast-mediated invasive growth, thus proving the key role of the paracrine-fashioned HGF/c-Met pathway in the tumor-stromal interaction. On the other hand, the regulative action of cancer cells on HGF expression of fibroblasts was also investigated using direct or indirect coculture systems. For the fibroblasts that originally did not produce HGF, cancer cells failed to show any HGF-inductive effect. For the HGF-producing fibroblasts, despite of somewhat upregulation or downregulation in fibroblast HGF expression, the feedback regulation by studied pancreatic cancer cells in both coculture modes were relatively limited. This in vitro study sketched out the interaction between cancerous and stromal compartments with an emphasis on HGF/c-Met signal pathway, thus possibly helping to unveil the more complicated mutual modulation in vivo between pancreatic cancer and host mesenchymal tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Letters
Volume190
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 2003

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Hepatocyte Growth Factor
Fibroblast Growth Factors
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Fibroblasts
Neoplasms
Coculture Techniques
Signal Transduction
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Western Blotting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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Co-cultivation of pancreatic cancer cells with orthotopic tumor-derived fibroblasts : Fibroblasts stimulate tumor cell invasion via HGF secretion whereas cancer cells exert a minor regulative effect on fibroblasts HGF production. / Qian, Li Wu; Mizumoto, Kazuhiro; Maehara, Naoki; Ouchida, Kenoki; Inadome, Naoki; Saimura, Michiyo; Nagai, Eishi; Matsumoto, Kunio; Nakamura, Toshikazu; Tanaka, Masao.

In: Cancer Letters, Vol. 190, No. 1, 10.02.2003, p. 105-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The intensive stromal reaction is one of characteristics of pancreatic exocrine carcinoma. The mutual interaction between pancreatic cancer cells and orthotopic tumor-derived fibroblasts have not been clarified yet. In this study, we sought to elucidate the mechanism underlying the tumor-stromal interaction with an in vitro coculture experimental system. Considerable strong c-Met expression was detected in seven out ten lines of human pancreatic carcinoma cells, as determined by Western blotting. For hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-production, however, none or only trace amounts of HGF could be detected in those ten cell lines. Of the two lots of tumor-derived fibroblasts obtained from two pancreatic cancer patients, the fibroblasts capable to produce HGF could initiate an apparent invasion-stimulating response in strong c-Met-expressed Suit-2 and Panc-1 cells but not in faint expressed Mia PaCa-2 and BxPC-3 cells. A specialized HGF antagonist, NK4 would effectively inhibit the fibroblast-mediated invasive growth, thus proving the key role of the paracrine-fashioned HGF/c-Met pathway in the tumor-stromal interaction. On the other hand, the regulative action of cancer cells on HGF expression of fibroblasts was also investigated using direct or indirect coculture systems. For the fibroblasts that originally did not produce HGF, cancer cells failed to show any HGF-inductive effect. For the HGF-producing fibroblasts, despite of somewhat upregulation or downregulation in fibroblast HGF expression, the feedback regulation by studied pancreatic cancer cells in both coculture modes were relatively limited. This in vitro study sketched out the interaction between cancerous and stromal compartments with an emphasis on HGF/c-Met signal pathway, thus possibly helping to unveil the more complicated mutual modulation in vivo between pancreatic cancer and host mesenchymal tissues.",
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AU - Mizumoto, Kazuhiro

AU - Maehara, Naoki

AU - Ouchida, Kenoki

AU - Inadome, Naoki

AU - Saimura, Michiyo

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AU - Nakamura, Toshikazu

AU - Tanaka, Masao

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